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Correlates of body fat distribution. Variation across categories of race, sex, and body mass in the atherosclerosis risk in communities study. The Atherosclerosis Risk in communities (ARIC) Study Investigators.

TitleCorrelates of body fat distribution. Variation across categories of race, sex, and body mass in the atherosclerosis risk in communities study. The Atherosclerosis Risk in communities (ARIC) Study Investigators.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1995
AuthorsDuncan BB, Chambless LE, Schmidt MI, Szklo M, Folsom AR, Carpenter MA, Crouse JR
JournalAnn Epidemiol
Volume5
Issue3
Pagination192-200
Date Published1995 May
ISSN1047-2797
KeywordsAdipose Tissue, African Continental Ancestry Group, Age Factors, Arteriosclerosis, Body Constitution, Body Mass Index, Cohort Studies, Cross-Sectional Studies, Educational Status, European Continental Ancestry Group, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Motor Activity, Obesity, Risk Factors, Sex Characteristics, Skinfold Thickness, Smoking, United States, Weight Gain, Workplace
Abstract

Though central adiposity is a strong, independent risk factor for cardiovascular and all-cause mortality, relatively little is known about its determinants. To characterize the association of central adiposity with several of its possible determinants, while describing variability in these associations across sex, race, and level of body mass index, we conducted a cross-sectional survey of 15,800 white and African-American men and women ages 45 to 64 years participating in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities baseline survey, 1987 to 1989. After adjustment for other possible determinants, African Americans had markedly larger subscapular skinfold thickness and subscapular/triceps ratios than did whites, while whites had larger waist/hip ratios. Large, statistically significant variations in waist/hip ratio associations with age, percent of weight gained after age 25, smoking, and physical activity in the workplace existed across categories of sex, race, and body mass index. Based on our findings, we concluded that major variation exists in the waist/hip ratio and in its associations with its possible determinants across categories of race, sex and obesity.

DOI10.1016/1047-2797(94)00106-4
Alternate JournalAnn Epidemiol
PubMed ID7606308
Grant ListN01-HC-55015 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55016 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55018 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States