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A metabolic syndrome in whites and African-Americans. The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities baseline study.

TitleA metabolic syndrome in whites and African-Americans. The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities baseline study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1996
AuthorsSchmidt MI, Duncan BB, Watson RL, Sharrett AR, Brancati FL, Heiss G
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume19
Issue5
Pagination414-8
Date Published1996 May
ISSN0149-5992
KeywordsAfrican Continental Ancestry Group, Arteriosclerosis, Cholesterol, HDL, Cluster Analysis, Diabetes Mellitus, Ethnic Groups, European Continental Ancestry Group, Female, Humans, Hypertension, Hypertriglyceridemia, Insulin, Male, Middle Aged, Probability, Risk Factors, Sex Characteristics, United States, Uric Acid
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To describe clustering of hypertriglyceridemia, low HDL cholesterol, hypertension, diabetes, and hyperuricemia and its association with fasting insulin, waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and BMI for African-American and white men and women.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Observed frequencies of clusters were compared with those expected in 14,481 participants, 45-64 years of age, of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) baseline survey, 1987-1989. Associations of clusters with insulin, central adiposity, and overall obesity, as well as with abnormalities, were analyzed through multiple logistic regression.

RESULTS: Clustering beyond chance was observed in all four sex/ethnic groups (P or = 3 abnormalities per individual). The odds ratio (OR) for the association of each abnormality with clustering of the remaining four ranged from 1.6 to 8.8 (P

DOI10.2337/diacare.19.5.414
Alternate JournalDiabetes Care
PubMed ID8732701