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Cohort study of cytomegalovirus infection as a risk factor for carotid intimal-medial thickening, a measure of subclinical atherosclerosis.

TitleCohort study of cytomegalovirus infection as a risk factor for carotid intimal-medial thickening, a measure of subclinical atherosclerosis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1996
AuthorsNieto FJ, Adam E, Sorlie P, Farzadegan H, Melnick JL, Comstock GW, Szklo M
JournalCirculation
Volume94
Issue5
Pagination922-7
Date Published1996 Sep 01
ISSN0009-7322
KeywordsAntibodies, Viral, Arteriosclerosis, Carotid Artery Diseases, Case-Control Studies, Cohort Studies, Cytomegalovirus, Cytomegalovirus Infections, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Risk Factors
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Animal studies as well as clinical and cross-sectional epidemiological studies in humans have suggested a possible role of cytomegalovirus (CMV) and other herpesvirus infections in the development of cardiovascular disease.

METHODS AND RESULTS: The present report is based on a case-control study nested within a historical cohort. The case group comprised 150 individuals with elevated carotid intimal-medial thickness (IMT) measured by B-mode ultrasound at the first two examinations of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study (1987 through 1992). The control group comprised 150 age- and sex-matched individuals with low IMT. Antibody titers for CMV and herpesvirus 1 and 2 were determined in sera obtained in 1974 as part of a community-wide survey conducted in Washington County, Maryland. Case subjects had higher mean CMV antibody titers in 1974 sera than control subjects, although the difference was not statistically significant when adjusted for other cardiovascular risk factors. There was evidence of a graded relation between the odds of intimal-medial thickening and the levels of CMV antibodies that remained significant after adjustment for the main cardiovascular risk factors (P = .013). The adjusted odds ratio for a high CMV antibody titer (a positive/negative value > or = 20) compared with a positive/negative value

CONCLUSIONS: The results from this first population-based cohort study of CMV infection and carotid IMT are compatible with the hypothesis of a causal role of CMV in atherosclerosis.

DOI10.1161/01.cir.94.5.922
Alternate JournalCirculation
PubMed ID8790026
Grant ListN01-HC-55015 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55016 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55018 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States