|Title||HindIII DNA polymorphism in the lipoprotein lipase gene and plasma lipid phenotypes and carotid artery atherosclerosis.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1996|
|Authors||Chen L, Patsch W, Boerwinkle E|
|Date Published||1996 Nov|
|Keywords||Adult, Alcohol Drinking, Arteriosclerosis, Body Mass Index, Carotid Arteries, Cholesterol, Deoxyribonuclease HindIII, DNA, Female, Genotype, Humans, Hypertension, Lipids, Lipoprotein Lipase, Male, Middle Aged, Phenotype, Polymorphism, Genetic, Smoking, Triglycerides|
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is the rate limiting enzyme in the hydrolysis of core triglyceride in chylomicron and very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) thus affecting a broad spectrum of plasma lipid levels. In this paper, we investigated the association of a HindIII polymorphism in the LPL gene with plasma lipid levels and carotid artery wall thickness measured by B-mode ultrasonography. A total of 238 Caucasian subjects were selected from the Atherosclerosis Risk In Community (ARIC) study (male = 1.31, female = 107) based on their fasting triglyceride and LDL-cholesterol levels: normolipidemic (n = 48), hypertriglyceridemic (n = 44), hypercholesterolemic (n = 36), and hypertriglyceridemic-hypercholesterolemic (n = 110) groups. We observed a marginally significant association between lipid phenotypes and HindIII genotypes (P = 0.04) in males, with the hypertriglyceridemic and hypercholesterolemic groups having a higher frequency (0.65) of the H+H+ genotype than the other two groups (pooled: 0.55). In males, there was also a significant association between HindIII genotypes and carotid artery wall thickness after considering the effects of age, body mass index, cigarette smoking, lipid phenotype and diabetes status (P = 0.013), with the H+H+ genotype having a higher average value of carotid artery wall thickness (0.84 +/- 0.15 mm) than the other two genotype groups (0.76 +/- 0.14 mm in H+H(+)-genotype class, 0.75 +/- 0.13 mm in H-H- genotype class). In females, no significant associations among LPL HindIII genotype, lipid phenotype and carotid artery wall thickness were observed. These results suggest that the LPL HindIII polymorphism influences LPL-catalyzed, triglyceride-rich lipoprotein metabolism and carotid artery atherosclerosis in a gender-specific manner.
|Alternate Journal||Hum Genet|