|Title||Thrombomodulin Ala455Val polymorphism and risk of coronary heart disease.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2001|
|Authors||Wu KK, Aleksic N, Ahn C, Boerwinkle E, Folsom AR, Juneja H|
|Corporate Authors||Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study(ARIC) Investigators|
|Date Published||2001 Mar 13|
|Keywords||Adult, African Continental Ancestry Group, Cohort Studies, Coronary Disease, Female, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genetic Testing, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Polymorphism, Genetic, Prospective Studies, Risk Factors, Thrombomodulin|
BACKGROUND: Thrombomodulin (TM) is expressed on the endothelial surface and plays an important role in vasoprotection. A common polymorphism of TM at amino acid position 455 with an alanine (A) to valine (V) transition was previously reported to be associated cross-sectionally with acute myocardial infarction. Whether this single nucleotide polymorphism predicts risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD) is unclear.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Within a large cohort study, we identified 467 incident CHD cases during an average of 5 years of follow-up. We determined TM-455 genotypes on 376 CHD cases (23% black, 77% white) and a reference sample of 461. The AA genotype was significantly more prevalent in noncases than in cases (P:=0.016). The prevalences of the AA genotype in noncase blacks and whites were 93% and 67%, respectively. The AA genotype frequency was significantly reduced in black cases versus noncases (P:=0.018). It was also lower in white cases than in noncases, but the difference was not statistically significant (P:=0.066). Weighted proportional hazards regression analysis after adjustment for age, sex, and other CHD risk factors showed that having the V allele increased risk of CHD by 6.1-fold (risk ratio 6.1, 95% CI 1.7 to 22.9) in blacks but did not significantly increase the risk in whites.
CONCLUSIONS: The TM A455V polymorphism predicts risk of developing CHD in blacks.
|Grant List||N01-HC-55015 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States |
N01-HC-55016 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55018 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55019 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55020 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55021 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55022 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States