Pulse lineResearch With Heart Logo

Alcohol consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: atherosclerosis risk in communities study.

TitleAlcohol consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: atherosclerosis risk in communities study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsKao WH, Puddey IB, Boland LL, Watson RL, Brancati FL
JournalAm J Epidemiol
Volume154
Issue8
Pagination748-57
Date Published2001 Oct 15
ISSN0002-9262
KeywordsAlcohol Drinking, Blood Glucose, Cohort Studies, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Risk Factors, Sex Factors, Temperance
Abstract

Evidence regarding the association between alcohol consumption and type 2 diabetes risk remains inconsistent, particularly with regard to male-female differences. The authors conducted a prospective study of type 2 diabetes risk associated with alcohol consumption in a cohort of 12,261 middle-aged participants of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (1990-1998), who were followed between 3 and 6 years. Alcohol consumption at baseline was characterized into lifetime abstainers, former drinkers, and current drinkers of various levels. Incident diabetes was determined by blood glucose measurements and self-report. After adjustment for potential confounders, an increased risk of diabetes was found in men who drank >21 drinks/week when compared with men who drank 21 drinks/week was predominantly related to spirits rather than to beer or wine consumption. The relative odds of incident diabetes in a comparison of men who drank >14 drinks of spirits per week with men who were current drinkers but reported no regular use of spirits, beer, or wine were 1.82 (95% confidence interval: 1.14, 2.92). Results of this study support the hypothesis that high alcohol intake increases diabetes risk among middle-aged men. However, more moderate levels of alcohol consumption do not increase risk of type 2 diabetes in either middle-aged men or women.

DOI10.1093/aje/154.8.748
Alternate JournalAm J Epidemiol
PubMed ID11590088
Grant ListN01-HC-55015 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55016 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55018 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55019 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55020 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55021 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55022 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
T32HL07024-23 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States