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Weight change among self-reported dieters and non-dieters in white and African American men and women.

TitleWeight change among self-reported dieters and non-dieters in white and African American men and women.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsSteven J, Chambless LE, Tyroler HA, Harp J, Jones D, Arnett D
JournalEur J Epidemiol
Volume17
Issue10
Pagination917-23
Date Published2001
ISSN0393-2990
KeywordsAfrican Americans, Body Weight, Chi-Square Distribution, Diet, Reducing, Female, Humans, Linear Models, Male, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies, Self Disclosure, United States, Weight Gain
Abstract

Few studies have examined the association between dieting and weight change in general population and results have been inconsistent. To the best of our knowledge, no such study has been done in middle-aged African Americans. We examined 10,554 white and African American men and women who were participants in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study and attended examinations between 1986 and 1994. We found that the prevalence of dieting in white women, white men, African American women, and African American men was 6.5, 2.3, 3.5, and 0.9%, respectively. After controlling for the covariates, the difference in the mean annual weight gain between dieters and nondieters was 0.61, 0.46, and 0.59 kg/year among white women, white men, and African American women, respectively. In conclusion, in this cohort of white men and women and African American women aged 45-64 years, self-reported dieting was associated with a larger mean annual weight gain than non-dieting over a period of 6 years.

DOI10.1023/a:1016270128624
Alternate JournalEur J Epidemiol
PubMed ID12188010
Grant ListN01-HC-55015 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55016 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55018 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55019 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55020 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55021 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55022 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States