|Title||The contextual effect of the local food environment on residents' diets: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2002|
|Authors||Morland K, Wing S, Roux ADiez|
|Journal||Am J Public Health|
|Date Published||2002 Nov|
|Keywords||African Americans, Arteriosclerosis, Censuses, Cholesterol, Dietary, Commerce, Diet, Dietary Fats, Eating, Female, Food Supply, Fruit, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Poverty Areas, Residence Characteristics, Restaurants, Risk Assessment, Social Conditions, United States, Vegetables, Whites|
OBJECTIVES: We studied the association between the local food environment and residents' report of recommended dietary intake.
METHODS: Recommended intakes of foods and nutrients for 10 623 Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities participants were estimated from food frequency questionnaires. Supermarkets, grocery stores, and full-service and fast-food restaurants were geocoded to census tracts.
RESULTS: Black Americans' fruit and vegetable intake increased by 32% for each additional supermarket in the census tract (relative risk [RR] = 1.32; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.08, 1.60). White Americans' fruit and vegetable intake increased by 11% with the presence of 1 or more supermarket (RR = 1.11; 95% CI = 0.93, 1.32).
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest the local food environment is associated with residents' recommended diets.
|Alternate Journal||Am J Public Health|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC1447325|
|Grant List||R25 ES008206 / ES / NIEHS NIH HHS / United States |
2 R25 ES08206-05 / ES / NIEHS NIH HHS / United States
R29 HL59386 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States