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Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and risk for incident coronary heart disease in middle-aged men and women in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study.

TitleLipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and risk for incident coronary heart disease in middle-aged men and women in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsBallantyne CM, Hoogeveen RC, Bang H, Coresh JJ, Folsom AR, Heiss G
Secondary AuthorsSharrett ARichey
JournalCirculation
Volume109
Issue7
Pagination837-42
Date Published2004 Feb 24
ISSN1524-4539
Keywords1-Alkyl-2-acetylglycerophosphocholine Esterase, Arteriosclerosis, Biomarkers, C-Reactive Protein, Cohort Studies, Coronary Disease, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Phospholipases A, Phospholipases A2, Proportional Hazards Models, Prospective Studies, Risk Factors, United States
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Measuring C-reactive protein (CRP) has been recommended to identify patients at high risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) with low LDL cholesterol (LDL-C). Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is a proinflammatory enzyme associated primarily with LDL.

METHODS AND RESULTS: In a prospective, case cohort study in 12 819 apparently healthy middle-aged men and women in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study, the relation between Lp-PLA2, CRP, traditional risk factors, and risk for CHD events over a period of approximately 6 years was examined in a proportional hazards model, stratified by LDL-C. Lp-PLA2 and CRP levels were higher in the 608 cases than the 740 noncases. Both Lp-PLA2 and CRP were associated with incident CHD after adjustment for age, sex, and race with a hazard ratio of 1.78 for the highest tertile of Lp-PLA2 and 2.53 for the highest category of CRP versus the lowest categories. Lp-PLA2 correlated positively with LDL-C (r=0.36) and negatively with HDL-C (r=-0.33) but not with CRP (r=-0.05). In a model adjusted for traditional risk factors including LDL-C, the association of Lp-PLA2 with CHD was attenuated and not statistically significant. For individuals with LDL-C below the median (130 mg/dL), Lp-PLA2 and CRP were both significantly and independently associated with CHD in fully adjusted models. For individuals with LDL-C

CONCLUSIONS: Lp-PLA2 and CRP may be complementary in identifying individuals at high CHD risk who have low LDL-C.

DOI10.1161/01.CIR.0000116763.91992.F1
Alternate JournalCirculation
PubMed ID14757686
Grant ListN01-HC-55015 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55016 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55018 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55019 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55020 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55021 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55022 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States