|Title||P-selectin Thr715Pro polymorphism predicts P-selectin levels but not risk of incident coronary heart disease or ischemic stroke in a cohort of 14595 participants: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2006|
|Authors||Volcik KA, Ballantyne CM, Coresh J, Folsom AR, Wu KK, Boerwinkle E|
|Date Published||2006 May|
|Keywords||Alleles, Biomarkers, Coronary Artery Disease, Disease Progression, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Gene Frequency, Genotype, Humans, Incidence, Male, Middle Aged, P-Selectin, Polymorphism, Genetic, Prospective Studies, Risk Factors, Stroke, United States|
OBJECTIVE: Inflammation, characterized by the recruitment/adhesion of circulating leukocytes by cellular adhesion molecules, plays an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Genetic analyses of P-selectin, a key adhesion molecule in the progression of atherosclerosis, have provided conflicting results regarding the role of variation within the P-selectin gene and risk for heart disease. No studies have examined the association of this polymorphism with stroke. Therefore, we examined the association of the P-selectin Thr715Pro polymorphism with incident coronary heart disease (CHD) and ischemic stroke among 14595 participants in the prospective cohort of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Incidences of ischemic stroke and CHD were determined through annual telephone calls and hospital and death certificate surveillance. Four hundred fifty-six validated ischemic stroke and 1533 CHD events were identified. P-selectin Pro715 allele frequency was determined in whites and African-Americans, respectively, for CHD cases (0.11, 0.02), CHD non-cases (0.11, 0.02), ischemic stroke cases (0.11, 0.02) and stroke non-cases (0.11, 0.02). The P-selectin Pro715 allele was not associated with risk of CHD or stroke in whites or African-Americans. P-selectin levels, however, were associated with the P-selectin Thr715Pro variant in whites, but not in African-Americans.
CONCLUSIONS: Genotypes carrying the P-selectin Pro715 variant allele are associated with decreased P-selectin levels compared to the homozygous wild-type genotype in whites. The P-selectin Thr715Pro polymorphism is not associated with incident CHD or ischemic stroke in either whites or African-Americans.
|Grant List||N01-HC-55015 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States |
N01-HC-55016 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55018 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55019 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55020 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55021 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55022 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States