|Title||Blood pressure usually considered normal is associated with an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2006|
|Authors||Kshirsagar AV, Carpenter M, Bang H, Wyatt SB, Colindres RE|
|Journal||Am J Med|
|Date Published||2006 Feb|
|Keywords||Blood Pressure, Cardiovascular Diseases, Cohort Studies, Coronary Disease, Diabetes Complications, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Proportional Hazards Models, Reference Values, Risk Factors, Stroke|
PURPOSE: Research on the risk of cardiovascular disease among individuals with prehypertension (blood pressure 120/80 to 139/89 mm Hg) is incomplete. Additional information among individuals with a high risk of cardiovascular disease complications may help to focus current and future efforts.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort analysis among 8960 middle-aged adults in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. The exposure variables were blood pressure levels: high normal blood pressure, systolic blood pressure 130-139 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure 85-89 mm Hg; and normal blood pressure, systolic blood pressure 120-129 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure 80-84 mm Hg. The outcome was incident cardiovascular disease defined as fatal/nonfatal coronary heart disease, cardiac procedure, silent myocardial infarction, or ischemic stroke. Subgroup analysis was performed among blacks, diabetics, individuals aged 55-64 years, individuals with renal insufficiency, and among individuals with varying levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and body mass index (BMI).
RESULTS: Compared with optimal blood pressure (systolic blood pressure 30 kg/m2: RR for high normal blood pressure was 3.56 (95% CI, 1.99-6.35); and among individuals with LDL >160 mg/dL, RR for high normal blood pressure was 1.85 (95% CI, 1.26-2.72).
CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with prehypertensive levels of blood pressure have an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease relative to those with optimal levels. The association is pronounced among blacks, among individuals with diabetes mellitus, and among those with high BMI.
|Alternate Journal||Am J Med|
|Grant List||N01-HC- 95171 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States |
N01-HC-55015 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55016 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55018 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55019 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55020 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55021 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55022 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-95170 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States