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Coffee and sweetened beverage consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study.

TitleCoffee and sweetened beverage consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsPaynter NP, Yeh H-C, Voutilainen S, Schmidt M I, Heiss G, Folsom AR, Brancati FL, Kao LWH
JournalAm J Epidemiol
Volume164
Issue11
Pagination1075-84
Date Published2006 Dec 01
ISSN0002-9262
KeywordsAfrican Continental Ancestry Group, Beverages, Body Mass Index, Coffee, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, European Continental Ancestry Group, Female, Humans, Incidence, Male, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Prospective Studies, Risk Factors, Surveys and Questionnaires, United States
Abstract

The authors analyzed data from a prospective, community-based cohort to assess the risk of incident type 2 diabetes mellitus associated with coffee and sweetened beverage consumption. They included 12,204 nondiabetic, middle-aged men and women in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study (1987-1999). Consumption of each beverage was assessed by food frequency questionnaire and classified into categories of cups per day. They found an inverse association, after adjusting for potential confounders, between increased coffee consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in men (for > or =4 cups (> or =0.95 liter)/day compared with almost never: hazard ratio = 0.77, p(trend) = 0.02) with no significant association in women (hazard ratio = 0.89, p(trend) = 0.32) using a combination of self-report of physician-diagnosed diabetes, diabetes treatment, and a fasting or nonfasting blood glucose test. When self-reported diabetes or diabetes treatment alone was used, a stronger and significant inverse association was seen in men and women. Sweetened beverage consumption (men: hazard ratio = 1.03, p(trend) = 0.94; women: hazard ratio = 1.01, p(trend) = 0.58) showed no consistent association with the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus. In summary, increased coffee consumption was significantly associated with a decreased risk of diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus in community-based US adults.

DOI10.1093/aje/kwj323
Alternate JournalAm J Epidemiol
PubMed ID16982672
Grant List1 K01 DK067207-01A1 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55015 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55016 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55018 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55019 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55020 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55021 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55022 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
T32HL07024 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States