|Title||ABO blood group, other risk factors and incidence of venous thromboembolism: the Longitudinal Investigation of Thromboembolism Etiology (LITE).|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2007|
|Authors||Ohira T, Cushman M, Tsai MY, Zhang Y, Heckbert SR, Zakai NA, Rosamond WD, Folsom AR|
|Journal||J Thromb Haemost|
|Date Published||2007 Jul|
|Keywords||ABO Blood-Group System, Aged, Case-Control Studies, Diabetes Complications, Factor V, Factor VIII, Female, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Risk Factors, Thromboembolism, Venous Thrombosis, von Willebrand Factor|
BACKGROUND: Numerous case-control studies have reported higher prevalence of non-O blood type among venous thromboembolism (VTE) patients than controls, but potential mechanisms or effect modifiers for the association are not fully established.
PATIENTS/METHODS: Using a nested case-control design combining the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities and the Cardiovascular Health Study cohort, ABO blood type and other VTE risk factors were measured on pre-event blood samples of 492 participants who subsequently developed VTE and 1008 participants who remained free of VTE.
RESULTS: A total of 64.4% of cases and 52.5% of controls had non-O blood type. Among controls, mean values of factor VIIIc (FVIIIc) and von Willebrand factor among the non-O blood type group were higher than among the O group. Compared with O blood type, the age-adjusted odds ratio (OR) of VTE for non-O blood type was 1.64 (95% CI, 1.32-2.05) and was similar for the two parent studies and race groups. Further adjustment for sex, race, body mass index, diabetes mellitus and FVIIIc reduced the OR: 1.31 (95% CI, 1.02-1.68). Factor V Leiden (FV Leiden) appeared to modify the non-O blood type association with VTE in a supra-additive fashion, with an age-, sex- and race-adjusted OR of 6.77 (95% CI, 3.65-12.6) for having both risk factors.
CONCLUSIONS: Non-O blood type was independently associated with risk of VTE, and added to the risk associated with FV Leiden.
|Alternate Journal||J Thromb Haemost|
|Grant List||N01-HC-55015 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States |
N01-HC-55016 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55018 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55019 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55020 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55021 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55022 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-85079 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-85086 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL59367 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States