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Effect of 3-year weight history on blood pressure: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study.

TitleEffect of 3-year weight history on blood pressure: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsTruesdale KP, Stevens J, Cai J
JournalObesity (Silver Spring)
Volume16
Issue5
Pagination1112-9
Date Published2008 May
ISSN1930-7381
KeywordsAtherosclerosis, Blood Pressure, Body Mass Index, Body Weight, Female, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Maryland, Middle Aged, Minnesota, Mississippi, North Carolina, Regression Analysis, Risk Factors, Sex Characteristics, Weight Gain, Weight Loss
Abstract

The objective of this study was to examine the effect of weight history on blood pressure. Extant data from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study were used to compare blood pressure in women (n=5,675) and men (n=4,893) with different 3-year weight histories, but similar current BMI. We used mixed models regression adjusted for ethnicity, age, education, field center, smoking, alcohol consumption, antihypertensive medications, interval length, and BMI at follow-up. We also examined associations between 3-year weight history and blood pressure within weight status categories (normal weight (>or=18.5 to or=25.0 to or=30.0 kg/m2)). We found weight history affected both systolic and diastolic blood pressures. Compared to men at the same BMI who had maintained their weight, men who had experienced a 10% weight gain over the previous 3 years had systolic and diastolic blood pressures that were 2.6 and 1.9 mm Hg higher, respectively (P

DOI10.1038/oby.2008.27
Alternate JournalObesity (Silver Spring)
PubMed ID18277386
PubMed Central IDPMC3234678
Grant ListN01HC55020 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55018 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55022 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55016 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
F32 DK061831-02 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55022 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55021 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55015 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55019 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55015 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55020 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55016 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55019 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
F32 DK061831 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55018 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55021 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States