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Hemostatic and inflammatory risk factors for intracerebral hemorrhage in a pooled cohort.

TitleHemostatic and inflammatory risk factors for intracerebral hemorrhage in a pooled cohort.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsSturgeon JD, Folsom AR, Longstreth WT, Shahar E, Rosamond WD, Cushman M
JournalStroke
Volume39
Issue8
Pagination2268-73
Date Published2008 Aug
ISSN1524-4628
KeywordsAge Distribution, Aged, Biomarkers, C-Reactive Protein, Cerebral Hemorrhage, Cohort Studies, Factor VIII, Female, Fibrinogen, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Leukocyte Count, Lipoprotein(a), Male, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Stroke, United States, Vasculitis, von Willebrand Factor
Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify novel risk factors for intracerebral hemorrhagic stroke (ICH).

METHODS: Risk factors were assessed at baseline in a pooled cohort of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (ARIC) and the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) involving 21,680 adults aged 45 or over. Over 263,489 person-years of follow-up, we identified 135 incident ICH events.

RESULTS: In multivariable models, for each SD higher baseline level of fibrinogen, the relative rate of incident ICH increased 35% (95% CI, 17% to 55%). Fibrinogen was more strongly related to ICH in ARIC than in CHS. In multivariable models, those with von Willebrand factor levels above the median were 1.72 (95% CI, 0.97 to 3.03) times more likely to have an incident ICH as those below the median. Factor VIII was significantly positively related to ICH in ARIC (relative rate per standard deviation of 1.31; 95% CI, 1.07 to 1.62), but not in CHS. There was no relation in multivariable models between lipoprotein (a), Factor VII, white blood cell count, or C-reactive protein and ICH.

CONCLUSIONS: Greater plasma fibrinogen and, to some degree, von Willebrand factor were associated with increased rates of ICH in these prospective studies, whereas Factor VIII was related to ICH in younger ARIC study participants only.

DOI10.1161/STROKEAHA.107.505800
Alternate JournalStroke
PubMed ID18535282
PubMed Central IDPMC2578823
Grant ListN01HC55020 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55018 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-85085 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HL080295 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55022 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-85081 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC015103 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
GM008244 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55016 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55022 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55222 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55021 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-85086 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55015 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC85086 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
T32-HL07779 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-85082 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC055019 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
T32 HL007779 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55019 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55015 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55222 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-85083 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-75150 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55020 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-85080 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55016 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
S06 GM008244 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55019 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC75150 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-85079 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC85079 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
T32 GM008244 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55018 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55021 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC045133 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC035129 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-85084 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States