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Hemostatic factors and subclinical brain infarction in a community-based sample: the ARIC study.

TitleHemostatic factors and subclinical brain infarction in a community-based sample: the ARIC study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsGottesman RF, Cummiskey C, Chambless L, Wu KK, Aleksic N, Folsom AR, Sharrett AR
JournalCerebrovasc Dis
Volume28
Issue6
Pagination589-94
Date Published2009
ISSN1421-9786
KeywordsAtherosclerosis, Biomarkers, Brain Infarction, Case-Control Studies, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products, Humans, Logistic Models, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Middle Aged, Plasminogen, Predictive Value of Tests, Retrospective Studies, Risk Factors, United States, von Willebrand Factor
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Previous data are conflicting as to whether imbalance between hemostatic factors is associated with clinical strokes. We evaluated the association between hemostatic factor levels and subclinical lacunar infarcts in a nested sample from a subset of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) cohort.

METHODS: 196 cases without clinical strokes had lacunar infarcts by MRI, and 214 controls without radiographic infarcts were frequency-matched by age group and sex. Logistic regression models were fitted to assess the association between levels of hemostatic markers and case status.

RESULTS: In age-, race- and sex-adjusted models, von Willebrand factor (vWF) and D-dimer were positively associated with case status, with odds ratios for the highest vs. lowest tertile of 2.0 (95% CI 1.2-3.6) for vWF and 1.76 (95% CI 1.02-3.0) for D-dimer. Plasminogen had nonsignificant inverse associations with presence of silent lacunar infarcts.

CONCLUSIONS: vWF and D-dimer were positively associated, and plasminogen was nonsignificantly inversely associated with subclinical radiographic infarct. Further studies on the role of these hemostatic factors in the development of silent lacunar infarcts may help elucidate the mechanisms behind this injury and may even point to potential targets for future intervention.

DOI10.1159/000247603
Alternate JournalCerebrovasc Dis
PubMed ID19844099
PubMed Central IDPMC2914353
Grant ListN01HC55020 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC055022 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55018 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55022 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55016 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC055018 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55022 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55021 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55015 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC055019 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55019 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55015 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55020 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55016 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC055015 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC055021 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55019 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC055020 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55018 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55021 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC055016 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States