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Genome-wide association study identifies GPC5 as a novel genetic locus protective against sudden cardiac arrest.

TitleGenome-wide association study identifies GPC5 as a novel genetic locus protective against sudden cardiac arrest.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsArking DE, Reinier K, Post W, Jui J, Hilton G, O'Connor A, Prineas RJ, Boerwinkle E, Psaty BM, Tomaselli GF, Rea T, Sotoodehnia N, Siscovick DS, Burke GL, Marbán E, Spooner PM, Chakravarti A, Chugh SS
JournalPLoS One
Volume5
Issue3
Paginatione9879
Date Published2010 Mar 25
ISSN1932-6203
KeywordsAged, Alleles, Case-Control Studies, Cohort Studies, Death, Sudden, Cardiac, Ethnic Groups, Female, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genome-Wide Association Study, Glypicans, Heart Diseases, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Models, Genetic, Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis, Oregon, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Existing studies indicate a significant genetic component for sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) and genome-wide association studies (GWAS) provide an unbiased approach for identification of novel genes. We performed a GWAS to identify genetic determinants of SCA.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We used a case-control design within the ongoing Oregon Sudden Unexpected Death Study (Oregon-SUDS). Cases (n = 424) were SCAs with coronary artery disease (CAD) among residents of Portland, OR (2002-07, population approximately 1,000,000) and controls (n = 226) were residents with CAD, but no history of SCA. All subjects were of White-European ancestry and GWAS was performed using Affymetrix 500K/5.0 and 6.0 arrays. High signal markers were genotyped in SCA cases (n = 521) identified from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (ARIC) and the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) (combined n = 19,611). No SNPs reached genome-wide significance (p

CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: A novel genetic locus for SCA, GPC5, was identified from Oregon-SUDS and successfully validated in the ARIC and CHS cohorts. Three other members of the Glypican family have been previously implicated in human disease, including cardiac conditions. The mechanism of this specific association requires further study.

DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0009879
Alternate JournalPLoS One
PubMed ID20360844
PubMed Central IDPMC2845611
Grant ListN01HC55020 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
UL1RR025005 / RR / NCRR NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55018 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01HL59367 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
UL1 RR025005 / RR / NCRR NIH HHS / United States
U01 HL080295 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL059367 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC015103 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55016 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL088416 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL086694 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HG004402 / HG / NHGRI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55022 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55222 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-85086 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55015 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC85086 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL088456 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01HG004402 / HG / NHGRI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC-55222 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55019 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01HL087641 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55015 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-75150 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55020 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55016 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55019 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
1UL1RR025005 / RR / NCRR NIH HHS / United States
N01HC75150 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-85079 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01HL080295 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC85079 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55018 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55021 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL087641 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-550 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC045133 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC035129 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01HL086694 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States