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Association between exposure to combat-related stress and psychological health in aging men: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study.

TitleAssociation between exposure to combat-related stress and psychological health in aging men: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsWilliams JE, Johnson AM, Heiss G, Rose KM
JournalJ Trauma Stress
Volume23
Issue3
Pagination358-66
Date Published2010 Jun
ISSN1573-6598
KeywordsAged, Anger, Atherosclerosis, Humans, Korean War, Linear Models, Male, Mental Health, Middle Aged, Risk Assessment, Stress, Psychological, Surveys and Questionnaires, United States, Veterans, Vietnam Conflict
Abstract

Exposure to military combat has been associated with myriad adverse health effects. Mechanisms are not well understood, but may include negative emotional states. The authors investigated the relationship between combat and trait anger and vital exhaustion among 5,347 middle-aged male participants in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study. Combat was significantly associated with trait anger, although results were limited to men of the Korean and Vietnam War eras. Among men of the Korean War era, combat- and noncombat veterans, compared to their nonveteran counterparts, reported more trait anger. Compared to their noncombat and nonveteran counterparts, Vietnam War era combat veterans reported more trait anger. Noncombat veterans from the World War II and Vietnam War eras reported lower vital exhaustion compared to nonveterans. Anger proneness may be a mechanism through which combat stress is associated with adverse health outcomes.

DOI10.1002/jts.20533
Alternate JournalJ Trauma Stress
PubMed ID20564369
PubMed Central IDPMC5441384
Grant ListN01HC55020 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55022 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL064142 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01-HL064142 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55016 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55022 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
T32-HL07055-27 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55021 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55015 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55019 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55015 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R21 HL080422 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55020 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55016 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R21-HL080422-01 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55019 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55021 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
T32 HL007055 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States