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Retinal microvascular signs and 10-year risk of cerebral atrophy: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study.

TitleRetinal microvascular signs and 10-year risk of cerebral atrophy: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsKawasaki R, Cheung N, Mosley T, Islam AFM, A Sharrett R, Klein R, Coker LH, Knopman DS, Shibata DK, Catellier D, Wong TY
JournalStroke
Volume41
Issue8
Pagination1826-8
Date Published2010 Aug
ISSN1524-4628
KeywordsAtherosclerosis, Atrophy, Cerebral Cortex, Female, Humans, Logistic Models, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Microvessels, Middle Aged, Predictive Value of Tests, Prospective Studies, Retinal Diseases, Retinal Vessels, Risk, Risk Assessment
Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebral atrophy, detected as ventricular enlargement or sulcal widening on MRI, is recognized as a risk factor for vascular dementia or Alzheimer disease. However, its underlying pathophysiology is not known. We examined whether retinal microvascular assessment could provide predictive information on the risk of ventricular enlargement and sulcal widening on MRI.

METHODS: A prospective, population-based study was conducted of 810 middle-aged persons without clinical stroke or MRI infarcts. All participants had a first cranial MRI and retinal photography in 1993 to 1995 and returned for a repeated MRI in 2004 to 2006 (median follow-up of 10.5 years). Retinal photographs were graded for presence of retinopathy and retinal microvascular abnormalities, and MRI images were graded for ventricular size and sulcal size according to standardized protocols. Ventricular enlargement and sulcal widening were defined as an increase in ventricular size or sulcal size of >or=3 of 10 grades between baseline and follow-up.

RESULTS: After adjusting for age, gender, and cardiovascular risk factors, retinopathy and arteriovenous nicking at baseline were associated with 10-year ventricular enlargement (OR and 95% CI: 2.03, 1.20 to 4.42 for retinopathy and 2.19, 1.23 to 3.90 for arteriovenous nicking). Retinal signs were not associated with 10-year sulcal widening.

CONCLUSIONS: Retinopathy and arteriovenous nicking are predictive of long-term risk of ventricular enlargement, but not of sulcal widening, independent of cardiovascular risk factors. These data support a microvascular etiology for subcortical but not cortical cerebral atrophy.

DOI10.1161/STROKEAHA.110.585042
Alternate JournalStroke
PubMed ID20576949
PubMed Central IDPMC2935462
Grant ListN01HC55020 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC055022 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55018 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55022 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55016 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC055018 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55022 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55021 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55015 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC055019 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55019 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01-HL70825 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55015 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55020 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55016 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC055015 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC055021 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55019 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL070825 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC055020 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL070825-01 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55018 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55021 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC055016 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States