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Postural changes in blood pressure and incidence of ischemic stroke subtypes: the ARIC study.

TitlePostural changes in blood pressure and incidence of ischemic stroke subtypes: the ARIC study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsYatsuya H, Folsom AR, Alonso A, Gottesman RF, Rose KM
Corporate AuthorsARIC Study Investigators
JournalHypertension
Volume57
Issue2
Pagination167-73
Date Published2011 Feb
ISSN1524-4563
KeywordsAfrican Americans, Atherosclerosis, Blood Pressure, Brain Ischemia, Cohort Studies, European Continental Ancestry Group, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Incidence, Male, Middle Aged, Posture, Risk Factors, Stroke, United States
Abstract

The relation of orthostatic blood pressure decrease, or increase, with occurrence of ischemic stroke subtypes has not been examined. We investigated the association of orthostatic blood pressure change (within 2 minutes after supine to standing) obtained at baseline (1987 to 1989) in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study with incidence of ischemic stroke subtypes through 2007. Among 12 817 black and white individuals without a history of stroke at baseline, 680 ischemic strokes (153 lacunar, 383 nonlacunar thrombotic, and 144 cardioembolic strokes) occurred during a median follow-up of 18.7 years. There was a U-shaped association between orthostatic systolic blood pressure change and lacunar stroke incidence (quadratic P=0.004). In contrast, orthostatic systolic blood pressure decrease of 20 mm Hg or more was associated with increased occurrence of nonlacunar thrombotic and cardioembolic strokes independent of sitting systolic blood pressure, antihypertensive medication use, diabetes, and other lifestyle, physiological, biochemical, and medical conditions at baseline (for nonlacunar thrombotic: hazard ratio, 2.02; 95% CI, 1.43 to 2.84; for cardioembolic: hazard ratio, 1.85, 95% CI, 1.01 to 3.39). Orthostatic diastolic blood pressure decrease was associated with increased risk of nonlacunar thrombotic and cardioembolic strokes; the hazard ratios (95% CI) associated with 10 mm Hg lower orthostatic diastolic blood pressure (continuous) were 1.26 (1.06 to 1.50) and 1.41 (1.06 to 1.88), respectively, in fully adjusted models. In conclusion, the present study found that nonlacunar ischemic stroke incidence was positively associated with an orthostatic decrease of systolic and diastolic blood pressure, whereas greater lacunar stroke incidence was associated with both orthostatic increases and decreases in systolic blood pressure.

DOI10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.110.161844
Alternate JournalHypertension
PubMed ID21199999
PubMed Central IDPMC3214760
Grant ListN01HC55020 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55018 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55022 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55016 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55022 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55021 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55015 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC055019 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55019 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55015 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55020 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55016 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55019 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55018 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55021 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States