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Usefulness of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein to predict mortality in patients with atrial fibrillation (from the Atherosclerosis Risk In Communities [ARIC] Study).

TitleUsefulness of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein to predict mortality in patients with atrial fibrillation (from the Atherosclerosis Risk In Communities [ARIC] Study).
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsHermida J, Norby FL, Montes R, Matsushita K, Astor BC
Secondary AuthorsAlonso A
JournalAm J Cardiol
Volume109
Issue1
Pagination95-9
Date Published2012 Jan 01
ISSN1879-1913
KeywordsAtherosclerosis, Atrial Fibrillation, Biomarkers, C-Reactive Protein, Cause of Death, Electrocardiography, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Incidence, Male, Middle Aged, Predictive Value of Tests, Prognosis, Retrospective Studies, Risk Factors, Sex Distribution, Survival Rate, United States
Abstract

High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is a marker for the risk of cardiovascular and overall mortality. However, information about the association between hs-CRP and mortality in patients with atrial fibrillation is scarce. A total of 293 participants of the Atherosclerosis Risk In Communities study with a history of AF and hs-CRP levels available were studied. During a median follow-up of 9.4 years, 134 participants died (46%). The hazard ratio of all-cause mortality associated with the highest versus the lowest tertile of hs-CRP was 2.52 (95% confidence interval 1.49 to 4.25) after adjusting for age, gender, history of cardiovascular diseases, and cardiovascular risk factors. A similar trend was observed for cardiovascular mortality (57 events; hazard ratio 1.90, 95% confidence interval 0.81 to 4.45). The Congestive heart failure, Hypertension, Age >75 years, Diabetes, and previous Stroke or transient ischemic attack (CHADS2) score was also associated with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, with an adjusted hazard ratio of 3.39 (95% confidence interval 1.91 to 6.01) and 8.71 (95% confidence interval 2.98 to 25.47), respectively, comparing those with a CHADS2 score >2 versus a CHADS2 score of 0. Adding hs-CRP to a predictive model including the CHADS2 score was associated with an improvement of the C-statistic for total mortality (from 0.627 to 0.677) and for cardiovascular mortality (from 0.700 to 0.718). In conclusion, high levels of hs-CRP constitute an independent marker for the risk of mortality in patients with atrial fibrillation.

DOI10.1016/j.amjcard.2011.08.010
Alternate JournalAm J Cardiol
PubMed ID21962993
PubMed Central IDPMC4062871
Grant ListHHSN268201100012C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100010C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005G / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
RC1 HL099452 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100010C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100006C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100012C / / PHS HHS / United States
RC1-HL099452 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 DK076770 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100006C / / PHS HHS / United States
R01-DK076770 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States