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Risk of intraparenchymal hemorrhage with magnetic resonance imaging-defined leukoaraiosis and brain infarcts.

TitleRisk of intraparenchymal hemorrhage with magnetic resonance imaging-defined leukoaraiosis and brain infarcts.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsFolsom AR, Yatsuya H, Mosley TH, Psaty BM
Secondary AuthorsLongstreth WT
JournalAnn Neurol
Volume71
Issue4
Pagination552-9
Date Published2012 Apr
ISSN1531-8249
KeywordsCerebral Infarction, Cohort Studies, Female, Humans, Incidence, Intracranial Hemorrhages, Leukoaraiosis, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Middle Aged, Risk Factors
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the burden of leukoaraiosis and the number of brain infarcts, defined by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), are prospectively and independently associated with intraparenchymal hemorrhage (IPH) incidence in a pooled population-based study.

METHODS: Among 4,872 participants initially free of clinical stroke in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study and the Cardiovascular Health Study, we assessed white matter grade (range, 0-9), reflecting increasing leukoaraiosis, and brain infarcts using MRI. Over a median of 13 years of follow-up, 71 incident, spontaneous IPH events occurred.

RESULTS: After adjustment for other IPH risk factors, the hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) across white matter grades 0 to 1, 2, 3, and 4 to 9 were 1.00, 1.68 (0.86-3.30), 3.52 (1.80-6.89), and 3.96 (1.90-8.27), respectively (p for trend

INTERPRETATION: Greater MRI-defined burden of leukoaraiosis is a risk factor for spontaneous IPH. Spontaneous IPH should be added to the growing list of potential poor outcomes in people with leukoaraiosis.

DOI10.1002/ana.22690
Alternate JournalAnn Neurol
PubMed ID22522444
PubMed Central IDPMC3377969
Grant ListHHSN268201100012C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100010C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 AG015928 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HL080295 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005G / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC015103 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R56 AG020098 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
AG-20098 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55222 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-85086 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100010C / / PHS HHS / United States
N01HC85086 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
AG-027058 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC055019 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100006C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC-55222 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100012C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN 268201100011C / / PHS HHS / United States
N01-HC-75150 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL080295 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007C / / PHS HHS / United States
R01 AG020098 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
N01HC75150 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-85079 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HL080295 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-85239 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
AG-023629 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
N01HC85079 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100006C / / PHS HHS / United States
R01 AG023629 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01 AG027058 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC045133 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC035129 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R56 AG023629 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States