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Physical activity and cardiovascular disease in African Americans in Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities.

TitlePhysical activity and cardiovascular disease in African Americans in Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsBell EJ, Lutsey PL, Windham BG
Secondary AuthorsFolsom AR
JournalMed Sci Sports Exerc
Volume45
Issue5
Pagination901-7
Date Published2013 May
ISSN1530-0315
KeywordsAfrican Americans, Atherosclerosis, Cardiovascular Diseases, Coronary Disease, Female, Heart Failure, Humans, Incidence, Male, Middle Aged, Motor Activity, Risk Reduction Behavior, Sports
Abstract

PURPOSE: Although there is substantial evidence that physical activity reduces a person's risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), few of these studies have included African Americans. The studies that have included African Americans offer inconclusive evidence on the association, and none studied heart failure separately. We used data from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study cohort to examine, in African Americans, the association of physical activity with the incidence of CVD and its major components-stroke, heart failure, and CHD.

METHODS: Participants age 45-64 yr (3707 African Americans and, for comparison, 10,018 Caucasians) had physical activity assessed via questionnaire in 1987 and were followed for incident CVD (n = 1039) through 2008.

RESULTS: After adjustment for potential confounders, physical activity was inversely related to CVD, heart failure, and CHD incidence in both races (P values for trend

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings reinforce recommendations that regular physical activity is important for CVD risk reduction in African Americans as well as Caucasians and support the idea that some physical activity is better than none.

DOI10.1249/MSS.0b013e31827d87ec
Alternate JournalMed Sci Sports Exerc
PubMed ID23247714
PubMed Central IDPMC3622814
Grant ListN01HC55020 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55019, / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55018 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55022 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55016 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55022 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55021 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55015 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
T32 HL007779 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55015 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55020 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55016 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55019 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01-HC-55018 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01HC55021 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
T32HL007779 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States