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Systolic blood pressure levels among adults with hypertension and incident cardiovascular events: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study.

TitleSystolic blood pressure levels among adults with hypertension and incident cardiovascular events: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsRodriguez CJ, Swett K, Agarwal SK, Folsom AR, Fox ER, Loehr LR, Ni H, Rosamond WD
Secondary AuthorsChang PP
JournalJAMA Intern Med
Volume174
Issue8
Pagination1252-61
Date Published2014 Aug
ISSN2168-6114
KeywordsAntihypertensive Agents, Blood Pressure, Brain Ischemia, Cohort Studies, Comorbidity, Coronary Disease, Diabetes Mellitus, Female, Heart Failure, Humans, Hypercholesterolemia, Hypertension, Incidence, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Infarction, Proportional Hazards Models, Prospective Studies, Risk Factors, Severity of Illness Index, Stroke, Systole
Abstract

IMPORTANCE: Studies document a progressive increase in heart disease risk as systolic blood pressure (SBP) rises above 115 mm Hg, but it is unknown whether an SBP lower than 120 mm Hg among adults with hypertension (HTN) lowers heart failure, stroke, and myocardial infarction risk.

OBJECTIVE: To examine the risk of incident cardiovascular (CV) events among adults with HTN according to 3 SBP levels: 140 mm Hg or higher; 120 to 139 mm Hg; and a reference level of lower than 120 mm Hg.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4480 participants with HTN but without prevalent CV disease at baseline (years 1987-1989) from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study were included. Measurements of SBP were taken at baseline and at 3 triennial visits; SBP was treated as a time-dependent variable and categorized as elevated (≥140 mm Hg), standard (120-139 mm Hg), and low (

MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Incident composite CV events (heart failure, ischemic stroke, myocardial infarction, or death related to coronary heart disease).

RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 21.8 years, a total of 1622 incident CV events had occurred. Participants with elevated SBP developed incident CV events at a significantly higher rate than those in the low BP group (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.46; 95% CI, 1.26-1.69). However, there was no difference in incident CV event-free survival among those in the standard vs low SBP group (adjusted HR, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.85-1.17). Further adjustment for BP medication use or diastolic BP did not significantly affect the results.

CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Among patients with HTN, having an elevated SBP carries the highest risk for cardiovascular events, but in this categorical analysis, once SBP was below 140 mm Hg, an SBP lower than 120 mm Hg did not appear to lessen the risk of incident CV events.

DOI10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2482
Alternate JournalJAMA Intern Med
PubMed ID24935209
PubMed Central IDPMC4573449
Grant ListHHSN268201100012C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268200900048C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100010C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL104199 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005G / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268200900048C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100010C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100006C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100012C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100006C / / PHS HHS / United States