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Diabetes mellitus, prediabetes, and incidence of subclinical myocardial damage.

TitleDiabetes mellitus, prediabetes, and incidence of subclinical myocardial damage.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsSelvin E, Lazo M, Chen Y, Shen L, Rubin J, McEvoy JW, Hoogeveen RC, Sharrett ARichey, Ballantyne CM
Secondary AuthorsCoresh JJ
JournalCirculation
Volume130
Issue16
Pagination1374-82
Date Published2014 Oct 14
ISSN1524-4539
KeywordsBlood Glucose, Coronary Artery Disease, Diabetes Mellitus, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Glycated Hemoglobin A, Heart Failure, Humans, Incidence, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardium, Prediabetic State, Proportional Hazards Models, Risk Assessment, Risk Factors, Troponin T
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Persons with prediabetes and diabetes mellitus are at high risk for cardiovascular events. However, the relationships of prediabetes and diabetes mellitus to the development of subclinical myocardial damage are unclear.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We measured cardiac troponin T with a highly sensitive assay (hs-cTnT) at 2 time points, 6 years apart, among 9051 participants of the community-based Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study with no diabetes mellitus, or prediabetes, and without cardiovascular disease including silent myocardial infarction by ECG. First, we examined the incidence of elevated hs-cTnT (≥14 ng/L) at 6 years of follow-up. Second, we examined clinical outcomes during the subsequent ≈14 years of follow-up among persons with and without incident elevations in hs-cTnT. Cumulative probabilities of elevated hs-cTnT at 6 years among persons with no diabetes mellitus, prediabetes, and diabetes mellitus were 3.7%, 6.4%, and 10.8%, respectively. Compared with normoglycemic persons, the adjusted relative risks for incident elevated hs-cTnT were 1.40 (95% CI, 1.08-1.80) for prediabetes and 2.47 (95% CI, 1.78-3.43) for diabetes mellitus. Persons with diabetes mellitus and incident elevations in hs-cTnT were at a substantially higher risk of heart failure (hazard ratio, 6.37 [95% CI, 4.27-9.51]), death (hazard ratio, 4.36 [95% CI, 3.14-6.07]), and coronary heart disease (hazard ratio, 3.84 [95% CI, 2.52-5.84]) compared with persons without diabetes mellitus and no incident elevation in hs-cTnT.

CONCLUSIONS: Prediabetes and diabetes mellitus were independently associated with the development of subclinical myocardial damage, as assessed by hs-cTnT, and those persons with evidence of subclinical damage were at highest risk for clinical events. These results support a possible deleterious effect of hyperglycemia on the myocardium, possibly reflecting a microvascular cause.

DOI10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.114.010815
Alternate JournalCirculation
PubMed ID25149362
PubMed Central IDPMC4198442
Grant ListHHSN268201100012C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100010C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005G / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 DK089174 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100006C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States