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Parathyroid hormone concentration and risk of cardiovascular diseases: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study.

TitleParathyroid hormone concentration and risk of cardiovascular diseases: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsFolsom AR, Alonso A, Misialek JR, Michos ED, Selvin E, Eckfeldt JH, Coresh JJ, Pankow JS
Secondary AuthorsLutsey PL
JournalAm Heart J
Volume168
Issue3
Pagination296-302
Date Published2014 Sep
ISSN1097-6744
KeywordsCardiovascular Diseases, Female, Humans, Incidence, Male, Middle Aged, Parathyroid Hormone, Prospective Studies, Risk Assessment
Abstract

BACKGROUND: According to a recent meta-analysis, parathyroid hormone (PTH) excess is associated with increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, but existing studies are limited. We examined in a prospective study the association of PTH with the incidence of CVD, taking into account vitamin D and other confounding variables.

METHODS: The ARIC study measured PTH using a second-generation assay (Roche, Indianapolis, IN) in stored serum samples from 1990 to 1992 and related levels in 10,392 adults to incident cardiovascular outcomes (coronary heart disease [n = 808], heart failure [n = 1,294], stroke [n = 586], peripheral artery disease [n = 873], atrial fibrillation [n = 1,190], and CVD mortality [n = 647]) through 2010 (median follow-up 19 years).

RESULTS: Contrary to the hypothesis, PTH level was not associated positively with any CVD outcome. The associations of incident heart failure, peripheral artery disease, and CVD mortality with PTH actually were weakly inverse (P trend = .02-.04) in the most fully adjusted models. For example, the hazard ratios across PTH quartiles were 1.00, 1.07, 1.07, and 0.96 (P trend = .74) for coronary heart disease incidence and were 1.00, 0.69, 0.74, and 0.74 (P trend = .02) for CVD mortality. Patterns were similar when restricted to participants with normal baseline kidney function.

CONCLUSIONS: This large prospective study failed to support the hypothesis that elevated PTH is an independent risk marker for incident CVD. When our data were added to the previous meta-analysis, the pooled hazard ratio remained statistically significant but weakened.

DOI10.1016/j.ahj.2014.04.017
Alternate JournalAm Heart J
PubMed ID25173540
PubMed Central IDPMC4150218
Grant ListHHSN268201100012C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL103706 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100010C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005G / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005C / / PHS HHS / United States
R01 DK089174 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 NS072243 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100010C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100006C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100012C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100006C / / PHS HHS / United States