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Electrocardiographic deep terminal negativity of the P wave in V(1) and risk of sudden cardiac death: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study.

TitleElectrocardiographic deep terminal negativity of the P wave in V(1) and risk of sudden cardiac death: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsTereshchenko LG, Henrikson CA, Sotoodehnia N, Arking DE, Agarwal SK, Siscovick DS, Post WS, Solomon SD, Coresh JJ, Josephson ME
Secondary AuthorsSoliman EZ
JournalJ Am Heart Assoc
Volume3
Issue6
Paginatione001387
Date Published2014 Nov 21
ISSN2047-9980
KeywordsArrhythmias, Cardiac, Death, Sudden, Cardiac, Electrocardiography, Female, Heart Conduction System, Humans, Kaplan-Meier Estimate, Linear Models, Male, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Predictive Value of Tests, Proportional Hazards Models, Prospective Studies, Risk Assessment, Risk Factors, United States
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Identifying individuals at risk for sudden cardiac death (SCD) is of critical importance. Electrocardiographic (ECG) deep terminal negativity of P wave in V1 (DTNPV1), a marker of left atrial abnormality, has been associated with increased risk of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. We hypothesized that DTNPV1 is associated with increased risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD).

METHODS AND RESULTS: This analysis included 15 375 participants (54.1±5.8 years, 45% men, 73% whites) from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. DTNPV1 was defined from the resting 12-lead ECG as presence of biphasic P wave (positive/negative) in V1 with the amplitude of the terminal negative phase >100 μV, or one small box on ECG scale. After a median of 14 years of follow-up, 311 cases of SCD occurred. In unadjusted Cox regression, DTNPV1 was associated with an 8-fold increased risk of SCD (HR 8.21; [95%CI 5.27 to 12.79]). Stratified by race and study center, and adjusted for age, sex, coronary heart disease (CHD), and ECG risk factors, as well as atrial fibrillation (AF), stroke, CHD, and heart failure (HF) as time-updated variables, the risk of SCD associated with DTNPV1 remained significant (2.49, [1.51-4.10]). DTNPV1 improved reclassification: additional 3.4% of individuals were appropriately reclassified into a higher SCD risk group, as compared with traditional CHD risk factors alone. In fully adjusted models DTNPV1 was associated with increased risk of non-fatal events: AF (5.02[3.23-7.80]), CHD (2.24[1.43-3.53]), HF (1.90[1.19-3.04]), and trended towards increased risk of stroke (1.88[0.99-3.57]).

CONCLUSION: DTNPV1 is predictive of SCD suggesting its potential utility in risk stratification in the general population.

DOI10.1161/JAHA.114.001387
Alternate JournalJ Am Heart Assoc
PubMed ID25416036
PubMed Central IDPMC4338733
Grant ListHHSN268201100012C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100010C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005G / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100010C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100006C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL118277 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100012C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100006C / / PHS HHS / United States
1R01HL118277 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States