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Atrial Fibrillation and Risk of ST-Segment-Elevation Versus Non-ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study.

TitleAtrial Fibrillation and Risk of ST-Segment-Elevation Versus Non-ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsSoliman EZ, Norby FL, O'Neal WT, Chen LYee, Bengtson L, Zhang Z-M, Loehr LR, Cushman M
Secondary AuthorsAlonso A
JournalCirculation
Volume131
Issue21
Pagination1843-50
Date Published2015 May 26
ISSN1524-4539
KeywordsArrhythmias, Cardiac, Atherosclerosis, Atrial Fibrillation, Brugada Syndrome, Cardiac Conduction System Disease, Comorbidity, Diabetes Mellitus, Dyslipidemias, Electrocardiography, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Heart Conduction System, Humans, Hypertension, Kidney Diseases, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Infarction, Obesity, Risk Factors, Sex Factors, Smoking, Socioeconomic Factors, United States
Abstract

BACKGROUND: It has recently been reported that atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with an increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI). However, the mechanism underlying this association is currently unknown. Further study of the relationship of AF with the type of MI (ST-segment-elevation MI [STEMI] versus non-ST-segment-elevation MI [NSTEMI]) might shed light on the potential mechanisms.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined the association between AF and incident MI in 14 462 participants (mean age, 54 years; 56% women; 26% blacks) from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study who were free of coronary heart disease at baseline (1987-1989) with follow-up through December 31, 2010. AF cases were identified from study visit ECGs and by review of hospital discharge records. Incident MI and its types were ascertained by an independent adjudication committee. Over a median follow-up of 21.6 years, 1374 MI events occurred (829 NSTEMIs, 249 STEMIs, 296 unclassifiable MIs). In a multivariable-adjusted model, AF (n=1545) as a time-varying variable was associated with a 63% increased risk of MI (hazard ratio,1.63; 95% confidence interval, 1.32-2.02). However, AF was associated with NSTEMI (hazard ratio, 1.80; 95% confidence interval, 1.39-2.31) but not STEMI (hazard ratio, 0.49; 95% confidence interval, 0.18-1.34; P for hazard ratio comparison=0.004). Combining the unclassifiable MI group with either STEMI or NSTEMI did not change this conclusion. The association between AF and MI, total and NSTEMI, was stronger in women than in men (P for interaction

CONCLUSIONS: AF is associated with an increased risk of incident MI, especially in women. However, this association is limited to NSTEMI.

DOI10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.114.014145
Alternate JournalCirculation
PubMed ID25918127
PubMed Central IDPMC4447576
Grant ListHHSN268201100012C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100010C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005G / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100010C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100006C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100012C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011C / / PHS HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100006C / / PHS HHS / United States