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Are Trends in Hospitalization Prior to Hospice Use Associated With Hospice Episode Characteristics?

TitleAre Trends in Hospitalization Prior to Hospice Use Associated With Hospice Episode Characteristics?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsKaufman BG, Sueta CA, Chen C, B Windham G
Secondary AuthorsStearns SC
JournalAm J Hosp Palliat Care
Volume34
Issue9
Pagination860-868
Date Published2017 Nov
ISSN1938-2715
KeywordsAged, Aged, 80 and over, Comorbidity, Female, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Hospice Care, Hospital Mortality, Hospitalization, Humans, Insurance Claim Review, Length of Stay, Male, Medicare, Retrospective Studies, Socioeconomic Factors, United States
Abstract

This study expands current knowledge of factors associated with initiation of hospice care by examining prehospice patterns of medical care leading to Medicare hospice use and the relationships to hospice episode characteristics. Data from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study cohort offer the ability to control for measures that are not available in Medicare claims data, including marital status, nursing home residency, and education. For 1248 ARIC participants who used hospice (2006-2012), participant level trends in the number of hospital days per 30-day period over the year prior to hospice initiation were generated using a fixed-effects model. Logistic regression was used to estimate the associations between increasing hospital use over the year prior to hospice enrollment with key patient characteristics (diagnosis, age, and comorbidity) and episode characteristics (short hospice stay ending in death, long hospice stay, and live discharge). Participants with severe comorbidity (measured as a Charlson comorbidity index score greater than 5) had higher odds of increasing hospital use prior to hospice (odds ratio [OR] = 3.28, confidence interval [CI] = 2.25-4.78). Increasing hospital use did not vary by diagnosis but was associated with reduced odds of a live hospice discharge (OR = 0.55, CI = 0.34-0.88) or long stay in hospice (OR = 0.44, CI = 0.24-0.79) and increased odds of a short stay in hospice (OR = 1.92, CI = 1.36-2.71). The evidence that care patterns prior to hospice use are associated with hospice outcomes could facilitate development of interventions to improve timely hospice referral.

DOI10.1177/1049909116659049
Alternate JournalAm J Hosp Palliat Care
PubMed ID27418598
PubMed Central IDPMC6176480
Grant ListHHSN268201100012C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100010C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005G / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100006C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States