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Genetic variants associated with risk of Alzheimer's disease contribute to cognitive change in midlife: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study.

TitleGenetic variants associated with risk of Alzheimer's disease contribute to cognitive change in midlife: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsBressler J, Mosley TH, Penman A, Gottesman RF, Windham BGwen, Knopman DS, Wruck LM
Secondary AuthorsBoerwinkle E
JournalAm J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet
Volume174
Issue3
Pagination269-282
Date Published2017 Apr
ISSN1552-485X
KeywordsAfrican Americans, African Continental Ancestry Group, Alleles, Alzheimer Disease, Atherosclerosis, Clusterin, Cognition, Cognition Disorders, Dementia, European Continental Ancestry Group, Female, Genetic Variation, Genome-Wide Association Study, Humans, Male, Membrane Proteins, Memory, Middle Aged, Neuropsychological Tests, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Prospective Studies, Risk Factors, Thioredoxins
Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia and is characterized by impairment in memory, behavioral changes, and gradual loss of autonomy. Since there is a long latent period prior to diagnosis, the aim of this study was to determine whether twenty single nucleotide polymorphisms identified in genome-wide association analyses of AD are associated with cognitive change in 8,320 white and 2,039 African-American middle-aged adults enrolled in the prospective Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. Cognition was evaluated using the Delayed Word Recall Test (DWRT; verbal memory), Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST; processing speed), and Word Fluency Test (WFT; executive function). General linear models were used to assess mean differences in 6-year change in test scores among individuals categorized by genotype after adjusting for age, gender, and years of education. Addition of the minor allele for rs670139 (MS4A4E), rs9331896 (CLU), and rs12155159 (NME8) was nominally associated with change on the DWRT, DSST, and WFT, respectively, in whites. The ZCWPW1 (rs1476679) and CDS33 (rs3865444) variants were nominally associated with change on the DWRT and WFT in African-Americans. For rs670139 and rs9331896 the association was only significant in individuals bearing at least one APOE ϵ4 allele in stratified analyses. An unweighted genetic risk score aggregating the risk alleles for 15 polymorphisms was not associated with change in cognitive function. Although the AD-associated genetic variants appear to have small effects on early cognitive change, replication will be required to establish whether there is a discernible influence on cognitive status in midlife. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

DOI10.1002/ajmg.b.32509
Alternate JournalAm J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet
PubMed ID27781389
PubMed Central IDPMC5935000
Grant ListHHSN268201100012C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HL096812 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100010C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
UL1 RR025005 / RR / NCRR NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005G / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HL096917 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL059367 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL086694 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HL096902 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HG004402 / HG / NHGRI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100006C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HL096814 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL070825 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HL096899 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL087641 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States