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PR-Interval Components and Atrial Fibrillation Risk (from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study).

TitlePR-Interval Components and Atrial Fibrillation Risk (from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study).
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsSmith JW, O'Neal WT, M Shoemaker B, Chen LYee, Alonso A, S Whalen P
Secondary AuthorsSoliman EZ
JournalAm J Cardiol
Volume119
Issue3
Pagination466-472
Date Published2017 Feb 01
ISSN1879-1913
KeywordsAfrican Americans, Atrial Fibrillation, Brugada Syndrome, Cardiac Conduction System Disease, Electrocardiography, European Continental Ancestry Group, Female, Humans, Independent Living, Male, Middle Aged, Proportional Hazards Models, Risk Factors, United States
Abstract

Reports on the association between the PR-interval and atrial fibrillation (AF) are conflicting. We hypothesized that inconsistencies stem from that fact that the PR-interval represents a composite of several distinct components. We examined the associations of the PR-interval and its components (P-wave onset to P-wave peak duration, P-wave peak to P-wave end duration, and PR-segment) with incident AF in 14,924 participants (mean age 54 ± 5.8 years; 26% black; 55% women) from the Atherosclerosis Risk In Communities study. The PR-interval and its components were automatically measured at baseline (1987 to 1989) from standard 12-lead electrocardiograms. PR-interval >200 ms was considered prolonged and values above the ninety-fifth percentile defined abnormal PR-interval components. AF was ascertained during follow-up through December 31, 2010. Over a median follow-up of 21.2 years, 1,985 participants (13%) developed AF. Prolonged PR-interval was associated with an increased risk of AF (hazard ratio [HR] 1.19, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02 to 1.40). However, PR-interval components showed varying levels of association with AF (P-wave onset to P-wave peak duration: HR 1.57, 95% CI 1.31 to 1.88; P-wave peak to P-wave end duration: HR 1.20, 95% CI 0.99 to 1.46; and PR-segment: HR 1.05, 95% CI 0.85 to 1.29). In addition, the components of the PR-interval had weak-to-moderate correlation with each other (correlation r ranged from -0.44 to 0.06). In conclusion, our findings suggest the PR-interval represents a composite of distinct components that are not uniformly associated with AF. Without considering the contribution of each component, inconsistent associations between the PR-interval and AF are inevitable.

DOI10.1016/j.amjcard.2016.10.016
Alternate JournalAm J Cardiol
PubMed ID27889043
PubMed Central IDPMC5531862
Grant ListHHSN268201100012C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100010C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
F32 HL134290 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100006C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005G / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
16EIA26410001 / AHA / American Heart Association-American Stroke Association / United States
HHSN268201100011I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States