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Electrocardiographic QRS-T angle and the risk of incident silent myocardial infarction in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study.

TitleElectrocardiographic QRS-T angle and the risk of incident silent myocardial infarction in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsZhang Z-M, Rautaharju PM, Prineas RJ, Tereshchenko L
Secondary AuthorsSoliman EZ
JournalJ Electrocardiol
Volume50
Issue5
Pagination661-666
Date Published2017 Sep - Oct
ISSN1532-8430
KeywordsElectrocardiography, Female, Humans, Incidence, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Infarction, Predictive Value of Tests, Prognosis, Prospective Studies, Risk Assessment, Risk Factors, United States
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Silent myocardial infarction (SMI) accounts for about half of the total number of MIs, and is associated with poor prognosis as is clinically documented MI (CMI). The electrocardiographic (ECG) spatial QRS/T angle has been a strong predictor of cardiovascular outcomes. Whether spatial QRS/T angle also is predictive of SMI, and the easy-to-obtain frontal QRS/T angle will show similar association are currently unknown.

METHODS: We examined the association between the spatial and frontal QRS/T angles, separately, with incident SMI among 9498 participants (mean age 54years, 57% women, and 20% African-American), who were free of cardiovascular disease at baseline (visit 1, 1987-1989) from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. Incident SMI was defined as MI occurring after the baseline until visit 4 (1996-1998) without CMI. The frontal plane QRS/T angle was defined as the absolute difference between QRS axis and T axis. Values greater than the sex-specific 95th percentiles of the QRS/T angles were considered wide (abnormal).

RESULTS: A total of 317 (3.3%) incident SMIs occurred during a 9-year median follow-up. In a model adjusted for demographics, cardiovascular risk factors and potential confounders, both abnormal frontal (HR 2.28, 95% CI 1.58-3.29) and spatial (HR 2.10, 95% CI 1.44-3.06) QRS/T angles were associated with an over 2-fold increased risk of incident SMI. Similar patterns of associations were observed when the results were stratified by sex.

CONCLUSIONS: Both frontal and spatial QRS/T angles are predicative of SMI suggesting a potential use for these markers in identifying individuals at risk.

DOI10.1016/j.jelectrocard.2017.05.001
Alternate JournalJ Electrocardiol
PubMed ID28515002
PubMed Central IDPMC5612427
Grant ListHHSN268201100012C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100010C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005G / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100006C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL118277 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States