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Correlates of Dementia and Mild Cognitive Impairment in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Neurocognitive Study (ARIC-NCS).

TitleCorrelates of Dementia and Mild Cognitive Impairment in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Neurocognitive Study (ARIC-NCS).
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsAlonso A, Knopman DS, Gottesman RF, Soliman EZ, Shah AJ, O'Neal WT, Norby FL, Mosley TH
Secondary AuthorsChen LYee
JournalJ Am Heart Assoc
Volume6
Issue7
Date Published2017 Jul 24
ISSN2047-9980
KeywordsAged, Aged, 80 and over, Atherosclerosis, Atrial Fibrillation, Cognition, Cognitive Dysfunction, Dementia, Echocardiography, Female, Humans, Logistic Models, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Multivariate Analysis, Neuropsychological Tests, Odds Ratio, Prevalence, Prognosis, Prospective Studies, Risk Factors, Sex Factors, Stroke, Time Factors, United States
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) has been associated with faster cognitive decline and increased dementia risk. Factors associated with dementia in patients with AF have been seldom studied.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 6432 individuals from the ARIC-NCS (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Neurocognitive Study). In 2011 to 2013, participants underwent a physical exam, echocardiography, detailed cognitive assessments, and a subset, brain magnetic resonance imaging. Dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI), as well as etiology of MCI/dementia, Alzheimer's disease-related or vascular, were adjudicated by an expert panel. AF was defined by study ECGs and past hospitalizations. We used logistic regression to estimate odds ratios and 95% CI of MCI/dementia by AF status and to assess cross-sectional correlates of MCI/dementia in patients with AF. Among 6432 participants, 611 (9.5%) had prevalent AF. AF was associated with increased odds of dementia and MCI (odds ratio, 95% CI, 2.25, 1.64-3.10, and 1.28, 1.04-1.56, respectively). Prevalence of Alzheimer's disease-related MCI/dementia and vascular MCI/dementia were higher in participants with AF than without AF (odds ratio, 95% CI, 1.29, 1.04-1.61, and 1.50, 0.99-2.25, respectively). In multivariable analyses, older age, lower body mass index, diabetes mellitus, stroke, and genotype were associated with dementia prevalence in participants with AF. In models evaluating MCI/dementia subtypes, diabetes mellitus was associated with Alzheimer's disease-related MCI/dementia, whereas male sex and stroke were risk factors for vascular MCI/dementia.

CONCLUSIONS: In a large, community-based study, AF was associated with higher prevalence of MCI and dementia. Controlling cardiometabolic risk factors is a potential target for prevention of adverse cognitive outcomes in AF patients.

DOI10.1161/JAHA.117.006014
Alternate JournalJ Am Heart Assoc
PubMed ID28739861
PubMed Central IDPMC5586306
Grant ListU01 HL096812 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HL096917 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
16EIA26410001 / AHA / American Heart Association-American Stroke Association / United States
U01 HL096902 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HL096814 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HL096899 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
K24 AG052573 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States