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Plasma galectin-3 levels are associated with the risk of incident chronic kidney disease.

TitlePlasma galectin-3 levels are associated with the risk of incident chronic kidney disease.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsRebholz CM, Selvin E, Liang M, Ballantyne CM, Hoogeveen RC, Aguilar D, McEvoy JW, Grams ME
Secondary AuthorsCoresh JJ
JournalKidney Int
Volume93
Issue1
Pagination252-259
Date Published2018 01
ISSN1523-1755
KeywordsAged, Biomarkers, Blood Pressure, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Galectin 3, Glomerular Filtration Rate, Humans, Hypertension, Incidence, Kidney, Male, Middle Aged, Prognosis, Prospective Studies, Renal Insufficiency, Chronic, Risk Assessment, Risk Factors, United States, Up-Regulation
Abstract

Galectin-3 has been proposed as a novel biomarker of heart failure and cardiac fibrosis, and may also be associated with fibrosis of other organs such as the kidney. To determine this, we prospectively analyzed data from 9,148 Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study participants with measured plasma galectin-3 levels (baseline, visit 4, 1996-98) and without prevalent chronic kidney disease (CKD) or heart failure. We identified 1,983 incident CKD cases through December 31, 2013 over a median follow-up of 16 years. At baseline, galectin-3 was cross-sectionally associated with estimated glomerular filtration rate and urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio; both significant. The results were adjusted for age, sex, race-center, education, physical activity, smoking status, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, anti-hypertensive medication use, history of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, fasting blood glucose, and rs4644 (a single nucleotide polymorphism of galactin-3). There was a significant, graded, and positive association between galectin-3 and incident CKD (quartile 4 vs. 1 hazard ratio: 2.22 [95% confidence interval: 1.89, 2.60]). The association was attenuated but remained significant after adjustment for estimated glomerular filtration rate, urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio, troponin T, and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (quartile 4 vs. 1 hazard ratio: 1.75 [95% confidence interval: 1.49, 2.06]), and was stronger among those with hypertension at baseline (significant interaction). Thus, in this community-based population, higher plasma galectin-3 levels were associated with an elevated risk of developing incident CKD, particularly among those with hypertension.

DOI10.1016/j.kint.2017.06.028
Alternate JournalKidney Int
PubMed ID28865675
PubMed Central IDPMC5750096
Grant ListHHSN268201100012C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100010C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005G / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 DK089174 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
K01 DK107782 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100006C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
K24 DK106414 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
U01 DK085689 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL134320 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States