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Gamma prime (γ') fibrinogen and carotid intima-media thickness: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study.

TitleGamma prime (γ') fibrinogen and carotid intima-media thickness: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsSchreiner PJ, Appiah D
Secondary AuthorsFolsom AR
JournalBlood Coagul Fibrinolysis
Date Published2017 Dec
KeywordsAged, Atherosclerosis, Carotid Intima-Media Thickness, Female, Fibrinogen, Humans, Isomerism, Male, Middle Aged, Risk Factors

: We assessed if γ' fibrinogen, an isoform of fibrinogen, is independently associated with subclinical atherosclerosis beyond total fibrinogen in black and white men and women participating in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study. Fasting γ' fibrinogen was measured in 6847 Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities participants, ages 51-70 years, in 1993-1995. Carotid intima-media far wall thickness (CIMT) was measured by B-mode ultrasonography at the common, internal and bifurcation carotids. The association of γ' fibrinogen tertiles with overall and segment-specific mean CIMT was assessed with linear regression, controlling for fibrinogen as well as cardiovascular risk factors, including high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and D-dimer. γ' Fibrinogen values ranged from 8.0 to 80.3 mg/dl and were positively related to age, female sex, black race, smoking, BMI, lipids and SBP. Crude γ' fibrinogen was directly associated with all CIMT measures except for the internal carotid, but explained less than 1% of the variance in the associations. Adjustment for total fibrinogen eliminated these associations, and total fibrinogen remained an independent predictor of CIMT without explaining additional variance. Adjustment for potential confounding variables did not alter the observed associations, which did not differ by race or sex. In these cross-sectional data, γ' fibrinogen was not independently associated with CIMT when controlling for total fibrinogen. γ' Fibrinogen and total fibrinogen together explained a very small proportion of the variance in CIMT, regardless of the carotid site. If γ' fibrinogen adds to total fibrinogen's ability to predict subclinical atherosclerosis, it may be in younger populations.

Alternate JournalBlood Coagul Fibrinolysis
PubMed ID28885318
PubMed Central IDPMC5865218
Grant ListN01 HC048048 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC055019 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL059367 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
T32 HL007779 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States