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Prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms in older adults across the glycaemic spectrum: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study.

TitlePrevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms in older adults across the glycaemic spectrum: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsRawlings AM, Sharrett ARichey, Golden SH, Windham BG
Secondary AuthorsSelvin E
JournalDiabet Med
Volume35
Issue5
Pagination583-587
Date Published2018 05
ISSN1464-5491
KeywordsAged, Aged, 80 and over, Case-Control Studies, Comorbidity, Cross-Sectional Studies, Depression, Diabetes Mellitus, Female, Glycated Hemoglobin A, Health Status, Humans, Male, Prediabetic State, Prevalence, Risk Factors, United States
Abstract

AIMS: To document the prevalence of current depressive symptoms and history of depression across the glycaemic spectrum in older adults, and examine if measures of health status and healthcare satisfaction, access and utilization explain differences in the prevalence of current depressive symptoms by diabetes status.

METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 6226 participants aged 67-90 years who attended the 2011-2013 visit of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. Diabetes was based on self-report, medication use and HbA . Current depressive symptoms were defined using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression 11-item questionnaire, and history of depression was assessed via self-report. We examined obesity, history of cardiovascular disease, hypertension, kidney disease, cognitive function, and self-reported health compared with others. Prevalence and prevalence ratios were estimated using age-, race-, and sex-adjusted Poisson regression.

RESULTS: The prevalence of current depressive symptoms was 5.4% in people without diabetes and 11.0% in people with diabetes (prevalence ratio 2.04, 95% CI 1.60, 2.48); the prevalence of history of depression was 11% in people without diabetes and 17.7% in people with diabetes (prevalence ratio 1.61, 95% CI 1.28,1.95). Strong correlates of current depressive symptoms were history of depression (prevalence ratio 3.86, 95% CI 3.05, 4.90) and reporting poor health compared with others (prevalence ratio 3.88, 95% CI 2.93, 5.15). No variables had significantly different associations with depressive symptoms across glycaemic categories (P for interaction >0.10).

CONCLUSIONS: In older adults, current depressive symptoms were twice as prevalent in people with diabetes compared with those without. Measures of health status and healthcare did not explain differences in depressive symptoms between people with and without diabetes.

DOI10.1111/dme.13593
Alternate JournalDiabet Med
PubMed ID29384594
PubMed Central IDPMC5902432
Grant ListHHSN268201100012C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HL096812 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100010C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005G / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HL096917 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 DK089174 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HL096902 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
T32 HL007024 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100006C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
K24 DK106414 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
U01 HL096814 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL070825 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HL096899 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States