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Markers of vitamin D metabolism and incidence of clinically diagnosed abdominal aortic aneurysm: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study.

TitleMarkers of vitamin D metabolism and incidence of clinically diagnosed abdominal aortic aneurysm: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsLutsey PL, Rooney MR, Folsom AR, Michos ED, Alonso A
Secondary AuthorsTang W
JournalVasc Med
Volume23
Issue3
Pagination253-260
Date Published2018 06
ISSN1477-0377
KeywordsAged, Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal, Atherosclerosis, Biomarkers, Calcium, Female, Humans, Incidence, Male, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies, Risk Factors, Vitamin D
Abstract

Little is known about whether markers of vitamin D metabolism are associated with the development of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), though these markers have been linked to other cardiovascular diseases. We tested the hypotheses that risk of AAA is higher among individuals with low serum concentrations of 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D], and among those with elevated concentrations of calcium, fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), phosphorus, and parathyroid hormone (PTH) using data from a cohort of black and white individuals with long-term follow-up. Markers of vitamin D metabolism were measured using serum collected in 1990-1992 from ARIC study participants (mean ± SD age 56.9 ± 5.7 years, 43.2% male, 23.9% black). A total of 12,770 participants were followed until 2011 for incident AAA. Multivariable-adjusted Cox regression models were used. A total of 449 incident AAA events occurred over a median follow-up of 19.7 years. For the association between serum calcium and risk of incident AAA there was evidence of interaction by sex ( p-interaction 0.02). Among women, in the fully adjusted model, the hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) comparing the highest to lowest quartile was 2.43 (1.25-4.73), whereas in men it was 1.01 (0.72-1.43). Not associated with risk of incident AAA were 25(OH)D, FGF23, phosphorus, and PTH. In this large prospective cohort, there was little evidence that markers of vitamin D metabolism are associated with risk of incident AAA. The positive association of calcium with AAA among women may warrant further investigation and replication in other populations.

DOI10.1177/1358863X17751258
Alternate JournalVasc Med
PubMed ID29400142
PubMed Central IDPMC6190682
Grant ListHHSN268201100012C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL103706 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100010C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005G / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
N01 HC055019 / HC / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100006C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL103695 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States