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Heart Failure and Cognitive Impairment in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study.

TitleHeart Failure and Cognitive Impairment in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsWitt LS, Rotter J, Stearns SC, Gottesman RF, Kucharska-Newton AMaria, Sharrett ARichey, Wruck LM, Bressler J, Sueta CA
Secondary AuthorsChang PP
JournalJ Gen Intern Med
Volume33
Issue10
Pagination1721-1728
Date Published2018 10
ISSN1525-1497
KeywordsAged, Aged, 80 and over, Atherosclerosis, Cognitive Dysfunction, Cross-Sectional Studies, Dementia, Female, Heart Failure, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Neuropsychological Tests, Prevalence, Risk Assessment, Risk Factors, United States
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that heart failure (HF) is an independent risk factor for cognitive decline. A better understanding of the relationship between HF, cognitive status, and cognitive decline in a community-based sample may help clinicians understand disease risk.

OBJECTIVE: To examine whether persons with HF have a higher prevalence of cognitive impairment and whether persons developing HF have more rapid cognitive decline.

DESIGN: This observational cohort study of American adults in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study has two components: cross-sectional analysis examining the association between prevalent HF and cognition using multinomial logistic regression, and change over time analysis detailing the association between incident HF and change in cognition over 15 years.

PARTICIPANTS: Among visit 5 (2011-2013) participants (median age 75 years), 6495 had neurocognitive information available for cross-sectional analysis. Change over time analysis examined the 5414 participants who had cognitive scores and no prevalent HF at visit 4 (1996-1998).

MEASUREMENTS: The primary outcome was cognitive status, classified as normal, mild cognitive impairment [MCI], and dementia on the basis of standardized cognitive tests (delayed word recall, word fluency, and digit symbol substitution). Cognitive change was examined over a 15-year period. Control variables included socio-demographic, vascular, and smoking/drinking measures.

RESULTS: At visit 5, participants with HF had a higher prevalence of dementia (adjusted relative risk ratio [RRR] = 1.60 [95% CI 1.13, 2.25]) and MCI (RRR = 1.36 [1.12, 1.64]) than those without HF. A decline in cognition between visits 4 and 5 was - 0.07 standard deviation units [- 0.13, - 0.01] greater among persons who developed HF compared to those who did not. Results did not differ by ejection fraction.

CONCLUSION: HF is associated with neurocognitive dysfunction and decline independent of other co-morbid conditions. Further study is needed to determine the underlying pathophysiology.

DOI10.1007/s11606-018-4556-x
Alternate JournalJ Gen Intern Med
PubMed ID30030736
PubMed Central IDPMC6153245
Grant ListHHSN268201100012C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HL096812 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100010C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005G / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HL096917 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HL096902 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100006C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HL096814 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL070825 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HL096899 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
K24 AG052573 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States