|Title||The Association of Sport and Exercise Activities With Cardiovascular Disease Risk: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Porter AK, Schilsky S, Evenson KR, Florido R, Palta P, Holliday KM|
|Secondary Authors||Folsom AR|
|Journal||J Phys Act Health|
|Date Published||2019 09 01|
|Keywords||Atherosclerosis, Cardiovascular Diseases, Cohort Studies, Coronary Disease, Exercise, Female, Humans, Incidence, Male, Middle Aged, Proportional Hazards Models, Risk Factors, Sports, Walking|
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the independent associations between participation in self-reported sport and exercise activities and incident cardiovascular disease (CVD).
METHODS: Data were from 13,204 participants in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study cohort (1987-2015). Baseline sport and exercise activities were assessed via the modified Baecke questionnaire. Incident CVD included coronary heart disease, heart failure, or stroke. Multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional hazard models assessed the association of participation in specific sport and exercise activities at enrollment with risk of CVD.
RESULTS: During a median follow-up time of 25.2 years, 30% of the analytic sample (n = 3966) was diagnosed with incident CVD. In fully adjusted models, participation in racquet sports (hazard ratio [HR] 0.75; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.61-0.93), aerobics (HR 0.75; 95% CI, 0.63-0.88), running (HR 0.68; 95% CI, 0.54-0.85), and walking (HR 0.89; 95% CI, 0.83-0.95) was significantly associated with a lower risk of CVD. There were no significant associations for bicycling, softball/baseball, gymnastics, swimming, basketball, calisthenics exercises, golfing with cart, golfing with walking, bowling, or weight training.
CONCLUSIONS: Participation in specific sport and exercises may substantially reduce the risk for CVD.
|Alternate Journal||J Phys Act Health|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC6994359|
|Grant List||HHSN268201700002C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States |
HHSN268201700001I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201700004I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201700004C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
T32 HL007055 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201700003I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201700005C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201700001C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201700003C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201700002I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201700005I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States