Diet quality, change in diet quality and risk of incident CVD and diabetes.

TitleDiet quality, change in diet quality and risk of incident CVD and diabetes.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsXu Z, Steffen LM, Selvin E
Secondary AuthorsRebholz CM
JournalPublic Health Nutr
Volume23
Issue2
Pagination329-338
Date Published2020 02
ISSN1475-2727
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the prospective association between diet quality, as well as a 6-year change in diet quality, and risk of incident CVD and diabetes in a community-based population.

DESIGN: We used Cox regression models to estimate the prospective association between diet quality, assessed using the Healthy Eating Index (HEI)-2015 and the Alternative HEI (AHEI)-2010 scores, as well as change in diet quality, and incident CVD and diabetes.

SETTING: The ARIC Study recruited 15 792 black and white men and women (45-64 years) from four US communities.

PARTICIPANTS: We included 10 808 study participants who reported usual dietary intake via FFQ at visit 1 (1987-1989) and who had not developed CVD, diabetes, or cancer at baseline.

RESULTS: Overall, 3070 participants developed CVD (median follow-up of 26 years) and 3452 developed diabetes (median follow-up of 22 years) after visit 1. Higher diet score at the initial visit was associated with a significantly lower risk of CVD (HR per 10 % higher HEI-2015 diet quality score: 0·90 (95 % CI: 0·86, 0·95) and HR per 10 % higher AHEI-2010 diet quality score: 0·96 (95 % CI: 0·93, 0·99)). We did not observe a significant association between initial diet score and incident diabetes. There were no significant associations between change in diet score and CVD or diabetes risk in the overall study population.

CONCLUSIONS: Higher diet quality assessed using HEI-2015 and AHEI-2010 was strongly associated with lower CVD risk but not diabetes risk within a middle-aged, community-based US population.

DOI10.1017/S136898001900212X
Alternate JournalPublic Health Nutr
PubMed ID31511110
PubMed Central IDPMC6992481
Grant ListK01 DK107782 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
R21 HL143089 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201700001I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201700004I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201700003I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201700002I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201700005I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
K24 DK106414 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
R01 DK089174 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States