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Socioeconomic status and risk of kidney dysfunction: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study.

TitleSocioeconomic status and risk of kidney dysfunction: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsVart P, Grams ME, Ballew SH, Woodward M, Coresh JJ
Secondary AuthorsMatsushita K
JournalNephrol Dial Transplant
Volume34
Issue8
Pagination1361-1368
Date Published2019 08 01
ISSN1460-2385
KeywordsAged, Atherosclerosis, Disease Progression, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Glomerular Filtration Rate, Humans, Kidney Failure, Chronic, Male, Middle Aged, Poverty, Proportional Hazards Models, Prospective Studies, Residence Characteristics, Risk Factors, Social Class
Abstract

BACKGROUND: There is strong evidence of an association between socioeconomic status (SES) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). However, the association of SES with the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the rate of change in kidney function is unclear.

METHODS: A cohort of 14 086 participants with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m2 at baseline in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study (1987-89) were studied. The association of annual household income, educational attainment and neighborhood deprivation with incident ESRD, incident CKD and change in eGFR using four measurements over ∼23 years was assessed.

RESULTS: A total of 432 participants developed ESRD and 3510 developed CKD over a median follow-up time of ∼23 years. After adjustment for demographics and baseline eGFR, the hazard ratio (HR) for incident ESRD compared with the high-income group was 1.56 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.22-1.99 in the medium-income group and 2.30 (95% CI 1.75-3.02) in the low-income group (P-trend 

CONCLUSIONS: SES (annual household income, educational attainment or neighborhood deprivation) was associated not only with ESRD risk but also with eGFR decline, although the association with CKD appeared weaker.

DOI10.1093/ndt/gfy142
Alternate JournalNephrol Dial Transplant
PubMed ID29897587