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Retinal microvascular findings and risk of incident peripheral artery disease: An analysis from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study.

TitleRetinal microvascular findings and risk of incident peripheral artery disease: An analysis from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsYang C, Kwak L, Ballew SH, Jaar BG, Deal JA, Folsom AR, Heiss G, Sharrett ARichey, Selvin E, Sabanayagam C, Coresh JJ
Secondary AuthorsMatsushita K
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume294
Pagination62-71
Date Published2020 02
ISSN1879-1484
Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Lower-extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) is usually considered large artery disease. Interestingly, retinal microvascular findings were shown to predict PAD progression in diabetes. However, it is unknown whether retinal microvascular parameters are associated with incident PAD and its severe form, critical limb ischemia (CLI), in a community-based cohort.

METHODS: Among 9371 ARIC participants (aged 49-72 years) free of a history of PAD, we quantified the associations of several retinal measures by retinal photography during the period 1993-1995 with PAD risk using Cox models. Incident PAD was defined as the first hospitalization with PAD diagnosis or leg revascularization (considered CLI if an additional diagnosis of ulcer, gangrene, or amputation).

RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 18.8 years, 303 participants developed PAD (including 91 CLI cases). Although generalized retinal arteriolar narrowing was not associated with PAD, most measures of retinopathy demonstrated strong associations with PAD beyond potential confounders including diabetes, with adjusted hazard ratios (HR) of 3.26 (95% CI 2.18-4.90) for blot-shaped hemorrhages, 3.11 (1.83-5.29) for hard exudates, and 2.18 (1.62-2.95) for any retinopathy. Adjusted HRs were significantly greater for CLI (ranging from 3.2 to 5.9) than for PAD (all p-values

CONCLUSIONS: Several retinopathy measures were strongly associated with PAD, especially with CLI and in diabetes. Our results support the contribution of microvascular abnormalities to the development and progression of PAD and would have implications on its preventive and therapeutic approaches.

DOI10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.10.012
Alternate JournalAtherosclerosis
PubMed ID31812251
PubMed Central IDPMC7012766
Grant ListHHSN268201100012C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100010C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100006C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
K01 AG054693 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R21 HL133694 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005G / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States