|Title||Risk of Progression to Diabetes Among Older Adults With Prediabetes.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2021|
|Authors||Rooney MR, Rawlings AM, Pankow JS, Tcheugui JBEchouffo, Coresh J, A Sharrett R, Selvin E|
|Journal||JAMA Intern Med|
|Date Published||2021 Apr 01|
Importance: The term prediabetes is used to identify individuals at increased risk for diabetes. However, the natural history of prediabetes in older age is not well characterized.
Objectives: To compare different prediabetes definitions and characterize the risks of prediabetes and diabetes among older adults in a community-based setting.
Design, Setting, and Participants: In this prospective cohort analysis of 3412 older adults without diabetes from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (baseline, 2011-2013), participants were contacted semiannually through December 31, 2017, and attended a follow-up visit between January 1, 2016, and December 31, 2017 (median [range] follow-up, 5.0 [0.1-6.5] years).
Exposures: Prediabetes defined by a glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level of 5.7% to 6.4%, impaired fasting glucose (IFG) level (FG level of 100-125 mg/dL), either, or both.
Main Outcomes and Measures: Incident total diabetes (physician diagnosis, glucose-lowering medication use, HbA1c level ≥6.5%, or FG level ≥126 mg/dL).
Results: A total of 3412 participants without diabetes (mean [SD] age, 75.6 [5.2] years; 2040 [60%] female; and 572 [17%] Black) attended visit 5 (2011-2013, baseline). Of the 3412 participants at baseline, a total of 2497 participants attended the follow-up visit or died. During the 6.5-year follow-up period, there were 156 incident total diabetes cases (118 diagnosed) and 434 deaths. A total of 1490 participants (44%) had HbA1c levels of 5.7% to 6.4%, 1996 (59%) had IFG, 2482 (73%) met the HbA1c or IFG criteria, and 1004 (29%) met both the HbA1c and IFG criteria. Among participants with HbA1c levels of 5.7% to 6.4% at baseline, 97 (9%) progressed to diabetes, 148 (13%) regressed to normoglycemia (HbA1c,
Conclusions and Relevance: In this community-based cohort study of older adults, the prevalence of prediabetes was high; however, during the study period, regression to normoglycemia or death was more frequent than progression to diabetes. These findings suggest that prediabetes may not be a robust diagnostic entity in older age.
|Alternate Journal||JAMA Intern Med|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC7871207|
|Grant List||T32 HL007024 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States|