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The Relationship of ε4, Race, and Sex on the Age of Onset and Risk of Dementia.

TitleThe Relationship of ε4, Race, and Sex on the Age of Onset and Risk of Dementia.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsPowell DS, Kuo P-L, Qureshi R, Coburn SB, Knopman DS, Palta P, Gottesman R, Griswold M, Albert M, Deal JA, Gross AL
JournalFront Neurol
Date Published2021

To investigate whether ε4 genotype-an established risk factor for dementia-is associated with earlier age at diagnosis in addition to increased risk overall and in secondary analysis by race and sex. We followed up 13,782 dementia-free individuals ( = 10,137 White, = 3,645 Black, baseline age 60-66 years) in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study for up to 30 years. Dementia was operationalized using standardized algorithms incorporating longitudinal cognitive change, proxy report, and hospital or death certificate dementia codes. We used a mixture of generalized gamma distributions to simultaneously estimate time to dementia, time to dementia-free death, and the proportion of individuals with dementia, by ε4 status (≥1 vs. no alleles). Median age of dementia onset among ε4 carriers was 81.7 (Blacks) and 83.3 years (Whites) compared with 82.6 (Blacks) and 85.7 years (Whites) in non- ε4 carriers ( > 0.05 Blacks;

Alternate JournalFront Neurol
PubMed ID34744974
PubMed Central IDPMC8564142
Grant ListU01 HL096812 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States