|Title||Decline in Lung Function From Mid-to Late-Life With Central Arterial Stiffness: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2022|
|Authors||Peter KM, Pike JR, Preisser JS, Kucharska-Newton AM, Meyer ML, Mirabelli MC, Palta P, Hughes T, Matsushita K, Lu Y, Heiss G|
|Date Published||2022 May 27|
We investigated the association of lung function at mid-life, later in life, and its 20-year decline, with arterial stiffness later in life. We examined 5720 Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study participants who attended Visits 1 (1987-1989) and 5 (2011-2013). Lung function measures were forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV) and forced vital capacity (FVC), obtained at Visits 1, 2 (1990-1992), and 5. Central artery stiffness (carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity [cfPWV]) was measured at Visit 5. We evaluated associations of lung function with later-life central artery stiffness and cfPWV >75th percentile by multivariable linear and logistic regressions. Lung function at Visit 1 (FEV β: -26, 95% Confidence Interval [CI]: -48, -5; FVC β: -14, 95% CI: -32, 5) and Visit 5 (FEV β: -22, 95% CI: -46, 2; FVC β: -18, 95% CI: -38, 2) were inversely associated with cfPWV at Visit 5, and with odds of high cfPWV in fully adjusted models. Twenty-year decline in lung function was not associated with continuous or dichotomous measures of arterial stiffness (FEV β: 11, 95% CI: -46, 68; FVC β: -4, 95% CI: -52, 43). Lung function at mid-life and late-life was inversely associated with arterial stiffness in later life.