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18-year change in serum intact fibroblast growth factor 23 from midlife to late life and risk of mortality: the ARIC Study.

Title18-year change in serum intact fibroblast growth factor 23 from midlife to late life and risk of mortality: the ARIC Study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsIshigami J, Honda Y, Karger AB, Coresh J, Selvin E, Lutsey PL, Matsushita K
JournalEur J Endocrinol
Volume187
Issue1
Pagination39-47
Date Published2022 May 12
ISSN1479-683X
KeywordsAged, Fibroblast Growth Factor-23, Fibroblast Growth Factors, Glomerular Filtration Rate, Humans, Middle Aged, Phosphates, Proportional Hazards Models, Risk Factors
Abstract

Objective: Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) concentration increases in response to declining kidney function to preserve normal phosphate concentrations. However, the etiological association of change in FGF23 concentration with mortality has not been examined in the general population.

Design and methods: We analyzed 5458 participants of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study who had intact FGF23 and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) assessed during midlife (visit 3, 1993-1995, mean age: 58 years) and late life (visit 5, 2011-2013, 76 years) to examine the association of FGF23 change over 18 years from mid-life to late life with the subsequent risk of mortality in late life using Cox regression models.

Results: The median 18-year change in intact FGF23 was +17.3 pg/mL. During a median follow-up of 7.2 years following visit 5, 1176 participants died. In multivariable Cox models, elevated mortality was seen in the highest quartile of FGF23 change (ΔFGF23: ≥31.3 pg/mL) (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR): 1.61 (95%CI: 1.36-1.90), or 1.37 (1.15-1.64) after additionally adjusting for eGFR change, compared with the lowest quartile (≤6.4 pg/mL)). When both FGF23 change and FGF23 in late life were simultaneously entered into the Cox model, FGF23 in late life, but not FGF23 change, was an independent predictor of mortality; however, we observed a high correlation between FGF23 change from midlife to late life and FGF23 in late life (r = 0.77).

Conclusions: Serum intact FGF23 change from midlife to late life was associated with subsequent risk of mortality independent of decline in kidney function. Our findings further support the implications of FGF23 beyond its association with kidney function.

DOI10.1530/EJE-21-0891
Alternate JournalEur J Endocrinol
PubMed ID35521770
PubMed Central IDPMC9206411
Grant ListK24 HL152440 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201700002C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201700001I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201700004I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201700004C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201700003I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201700005C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201700001C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201700003C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
K01 DK125616 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201700002I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201700005I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States