Anticipated HIV Stigma and Delays in Regular HIV Testing Behaviors Among Sexually-Active Young Gay, Bisexual, and Other Men Who Have Sex with Men and Transgender Women.

TitleAnticipated HIV Stigma and Delays in Regular HIV Testing Behaviors Among Sexually-Active Young Gay, Bisexual, and Other Men Who Have Sex with Men and Transgender Women.
Publication TypePublication
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsGamarel KE, Nelson KM, Stephenson R, Rivera OJSantiago, Chiaramonte D, Miller RLin
Corporate AuthorsAdolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions
JournalAIDS Behav
Volume22
Issue2
Pagination522-530
Date Published2018 02
ISSN1573-3254
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, AIDS Serodiagnosis, Attitude to Health, Bisexuality, Cross-Sectional Studies, Delayed Diagnosis, Female, HIV Infections, Homosexuality, Male, Humans, Male, Mass Screening, Serologic Tests, Sexual Behavior, Social Stigma, Transgender Persons, Transsexualism, Young Adult
Abstract

<p>Young gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (YGBMSM) and young transgender women are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS. The success of biomedical prevention strategies is predicated on regular HIV testing; however, there has been limited uptake of testing among YGBMSM and young transgender women. Anticipated HIV stigma-expecting rejection as a result of seroconversion- may serve as a significant barrier to testing. A cross-sectional sample of YGBMSM (n = 719, 95.5%) and young transgender women (n = 33, 4.4%) ages 15-24 were recruited to participate in a one-time survey. Approximately one-third of youth had not tested within the last 6 months. In a multivariable model, anticipated HIV stigma and reporting a non-gay identity were associated with an increased odds of delaying regular HIV testing. Future research and interventions are warranted to address HIV stigma, in order to increase regular HIV testing among YGBMSM and transgender women.</p>

DOI10.1007/s10461-017-2005-1
Alternate JournalAIDS Behav
PubMed ID29214408
PubMed Central IDPMC5820119
Grant ListU01 HD040533 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U01 HD040474 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
K23 MH109346 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
L30 DA040191 / DA / NIDA NIH HHS / United States
P30 AI042853 / AI / NIAID NIH HHS / United States