Employment as HIV prevention: An employment support intervention for adolescent men who have sex with men and adolescent transgender women of color.

TitleEmployment as HIV prevention: An employment support intervention for adolescent men who have sex with men and adolescent transgender women of color.
Publication TypePublication
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsHill BJ, Motley DN, Rosentel K, VandeVusse A, Fuller C, Bowers SME, Williams M, Kipke M, Kuhns L, Pashka N, Reisner S, DeMonte JB, Goolsby RW, Rupp BM, Slye N, Strader LC, Schneider JA, Razzano L, Garofalo R
JournalJ Acquir Immune Defic Syndr
Date Published2022 May 12
ISSN1944-7884
Abstract

<p><b>BACKGROUND: </b>The purpose of this study was to adapt and pilot-test an employment support, primary HIV intervention tailored to the needs of adolescent men who have sex with men (AMSM) and adolescent transgender women (ATGW) of color.</p><p><b>SETTING: </b>The intervention was implemented in two settings: controlled environment (Phase 1) and real-world community-based (Phase 2) setting in Chicago, IL.</p><p><b>METHODS: </b>Eighty-seven AMSM and ATGW of color ages 16-24 participated in Work2Prevent, a 4-session employment and HIV prevention intervention, designed to increase job-readiness and reduce HIV risk. Intervention sessions consisted of group activities: educational games, roleplaying/modeling behavior, and self-regulation exercises. Participants were assessed at baseline, post-intervention, and 8-month (Phase 1) or 3-month follow-up (Phase 2).</p><p><b>RESULTS: </b>Participants evaluated Work2Prevent as feasible and acceptable, rating intervention quality, usefulness, and satisfaction highly. Overall, 59.6% (Phase 1) and 85.0% (Phase 2) participants attended two or more sessions. At 8-months, Phase 1 participants reported a mean increase of 11.4 hours worked per week. Phase 2 participants, reported a mean increase of 5.2 hours worked per week and an increase in job-seeking self-efficacy. Phase 2 participants also reported a decrease in transactional sex work.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION: </b>Work2Prevent is one of the first structural primary HIV interventions to specifically focus on adolescent employment readiness. Findings suggest Work2Prevent is feasible and acceptable, improved adolescent employment outcomes, and reduced HIV risk associated with transactional sex work. Our study underscores the need for alternative pathways, such as addressing socioeconomic determinants, to prevent adolescent HIV infection.</p>

DOI10.1097/QAI.0000000000003020
Alternate JournalJ Acquir Immune Defic Syndr
PubMed ID35551157