Alcohol and marijuana use outcomes in the Healthy Choices motivational interviewing intervention for HIV-positive youth.

TitleAlcohol and marijuana use outcomes in the Healthy Choices motivational interviewing intervention for HIV-positive youth.
Publication TypePublication
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsMurphy DA, Chen X, Naar-King S, Parsons JT
Corporate AuthorsAdolescent Trials Network
JournalAIDS Patient Care STDS
Volume26
Issue2
Pagination95-100
Date Published2012 Feb
ISSN1557-7449
KeywordsAdolescent, Alcohol Drinking, Female, HIV Seropositivity, Humans, Male, Marijuana Smoking, Motivation, Outcome Assessment (Health Care), Risk-Taking, Substance-Related Disorders, Surveys and Questionnaires, United States, Young Adult
Abstract

<p>Healthy Choices is a motivational interviewing intervention targeting multiple risk behaviors among HIV-positive youth. This study investigated the effects of this intervention program specifically on alcohol and marijuana use. Youth living with HIV (n = 143, mean age = 20.7, 51.5% male) were recruited from four sites in the United States, and randomly assigned to intervention or control conditions. The four-session intervention focused on two of three possible problem behaviors based on entry screening; this study focused on 143 HIV-positive youth who received the intervention for substance use. At 15-month follow-up past-week alcohol use was significantly lower for intervention youth than control youth (39.7% versus 53.6%, χ2 = 2.81, 0.05 < p < 0.01); developmental trajectory analysis demonstrated significant reductions in alcohol use, but more importantly the intervention was effective over time in significantly reducing the adolescent's probability of being classified into the high-risk trajectory group. The intervention was less effective in reducing marijuana use.</p>

DOI10.1089/apc.2011.0157
Alternate JournalAIDS Patient Care STDS
PubMed ID22191456
PubMed Central IDPMC3266518
Grant ListU01 HD040533 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U01 HD040474 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
P30 MH058107 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
P30 DA016383 / DA / NIDA NIH HHS / United States
U01-HD040533 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States