Stressors and sources of support: the perceptions and experiences of newly diagnosed Latino youth living with HIV.

TitleStressors and sources of support: the perceptions and experiences of newly diagnosed Latino youth living with HIV.
Publication TypePublication
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsMartinez J, Lemos D, Hosek S
Corporate AuthorsAdolescent Medicine Trials Network
JournalAIDS Patient Care STDS
Date Published2012 May
KeywordsAdaptation, Psychological, Adolescent, Adolescent Behavior, Attitude to Health, Body Image, Female, Hispanic or Latino, HIV Seropositivity, Humans, Male, Reproductive Health, Social Support, Stress, Psychological, Truth Disclosure, United States, Young Adult

<p>Little is known of the experience of Latino youth with HIV infection in the United States, especially with respect to stressors and how these youth cope with said stressors. This study reports on a subset (Latino/Hispanic self-identified youth, n=14) of qualitatively interviewed youth (n=30), both in individual interviews and in focus group discussion settings, aware of their HIV diagnosis for 12-24 months (mean: 16.7 months; standard deviation [SD], 4.89) Youth were 16-24 years old (M=21.5 years), female (43%) and males (57%). Youth were recruited from three cities: Chicago, New York, and San Juan (Puerto Rico). Interviews of Latinos (n=14) were reviewed for sources of stressors and support. Seven themes emerged in analyzing stated sources of stressors: (1) initial psychosocial responses to HIV diagnosis, (2) disclosure to family and friends, (3) stigma related to receiving an HIV diagnosis, (4) body image and concerns of the physical changes associated with HIV and antiretroviral medications, (5) taking antiretroviral medications and side effects, (6) the disruption of their future life goals, and (7) reproductive health concerns. Identified sources of support and coping were described including; gaining appreciation for what matters in life, adapting and developing achievable goals, reordering priorities and relying on religion and spiritual beliefs for health outcomes. The information gathered is from individual interviews and from focus group discussions can be used to increase the understanding of this understudied population while improving services to engage and retain these youth in care.</p>

Alternate JournalAIDS Patient Care STDS
PubMed ID22536931
PubMed Central IDPMC3335135
Grant ListU01 HD040533 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U01 HD040474 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
5 U01HD40533 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U01 HD040515 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
5 U01 HD 40474 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States